Physique

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Melt Surface Temperature Monitoring In Tiltable Induction Furnace

Aouabdi Salim, BENDJAMA Hocine, boutasseta nadir, Ramzi Boulkroune  (2018)
Article de conférence

The supervision of the induction furnace is the subject of increasing development because of the rising demand on reliability and safety. An essential aspect of the pyrometers of induction furnace is the determination of the exact temperature on the melt surface related to the current and frequency flow resulting from optimum coil position depending on the applied actual power. With the aid of the mathematical model that describes the appearance and development of the temperature change in the area of inductive cold wall crucible melting, with the use of the automatic control methods it is possible to determine the change of temperature variation corresponding to direct visualization of a meniscus forms on the melt surface under the energy created by the induction coil, the latter can fully or partly influence the meniscus. To solve the problem of pyrometer temperature variation we propose the determination and the study of the total interaction force related to the operating current of the induction generator. This contribution presents an application for melt temperature change detection through a case study of the tiltable induction furnace with induction generator MFG-20. The study indicates that the pyrometer of the measurement temperature is powerful device related to the development of a new control method. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Tiltable induction Furnace, cold wall crucible melting, pyrometer measurements, Infrared thermography measurement.

Modeling and simulation of In0.15 Ga0.85 N/GaN strainquantum well structure for solar cells application

S. Dehimi, S. Kahla, A. Kellai, L.Kaba, N.Hammouda, A.Boutaghane  (2018)
Article de conférence

Quantum well solar cells based on III-V nitride semiconductor materials are a great technological interest by means to their physical and optical properties. In this study the effect of quantum well number on the characteristics (J-V), (P-V) and efficiency for the structure GaN/In 0.15 Ga0.85 N/ GaN was studied. our result showed that, the increase in the number of wells is accompanied by the increase of the light current density and the efficiency, for example with 50 wells we found Jight = 14(mA /cm2) and a efficiency 28%. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Quantum well, solar cell, GaN, InGaN

Synthesis, characterization and structural study of perovskite ceramics for piezoelectric applications

K. Sedda, R. Djafar, K. Boumchedda, F. Boukazouha, M. Guessoum, A. Badidi Bouda  (2018)
Article de conférence

In this work we have prepared lead-free ceramics BaTiO3, CaTiO3 and Ba0.85Ca0.15Ti0.9Zr0.1O3 successfully from different raw materials barium carbonate (BaCO3) calcium carbonate (CaCO3) dioxide of titanium (TiO2) and zirconium dioxide (ZrO2) by the conventional solid state reaction technique at different sintering temperatures. These materials are mixed for 6 hours and sintered at temperatures of 1200 °C to 1300 °C for 2 hours. The sintering temperature has been varied to study its effects on microstructure and structural properties. Structural parameters were analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM). Differential thermal analysis coupled with thermogravimetric analysis (ATG-ATD) was performed mainly to follow the process of precursor decomposition and formation of the perovskite phase. The XRD analysis results clearly show the synthesis of the perovskite phase as well as highlighting the formation of the Ba2TiO4 phase in addition to the BaTiO3 phase. The diffractogram obtained shows that the BCTZ symmetry is both Cubic with a space group Pm-3m and orthorhombic with a space group R3m. The calculated phase rates are: 10% and 90% respectively. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Lead free ceramics, synthesis, microstructure, Perovskite

Description of the solid method of BaTiO3 ceramics elaborations

Guessoum Mounia, Boukazouha Faiza, Sedda Kamel  (2018)
Article de conférence

Abstract— There are two major methods of the barium titanate ceramic BaTiO3 elaboration, the solid and the liquid methods (Hydrothermal, sol-gel processing, and Coprecipitation) [1, 2, 3].In this work, we present a theoretical study to describe the solid method of BaTiO3 elaboration, it is the most method used in the industry, because it is very economical, inexpensive and easier to implement. Voir les détails

Mots clés : component formatting; style; styling; insert

Characterization and valorization of steel co-products

L. Tairi, B. Maalem, A. Boudiaf, D. BERDJANE, N. Ziani, H. Meradji, S. Ghemid  (2018)
Article de conférence

The iron industries generate large quantities of slags and mill scale at different scales. We have focused on the physicochemical characterization of slag and battitures from the El Hadjar sideal complex. To evaluate the quality of these co-products, we first used particle size analysis by the laser method followed by density measurements. Finally a microstructural analysis by X-ray diffraction has been completed. Voir les détails

Mots clés : slag, Battitures, valorization, characterization

Theoretical design and performance of InxGa1-xN single junction solar cell

Y.Marouf, L.Dehimi, F.Bouzid, F.Pezzimenti, F.G. Della Corte  (2018)
Publication

The insertion of optimized Window and a back surface field (BSF) layers on an InxGa1-xN p-n basic single junction (BSJ) solar cell is the chief reason behind the reduction of front and back recombination. In this context, this work is focused on the selection of the suitable parameters including the indium (In) content, thickness and doping concentration for the InxGa1-xN inserted layers, that gives the best photovoltaic performances. At this aim, numerical simulations were performed using the computational numerical modeling TCAD Silvaco-Atlas to design, optimize the InxGa1-xN BSJ and extract the above Window and BSF parameters that enhance the BSJ performances. A short circuit current density ?(J?_sc) of 26.15 mA⁄?cm?^2 , an open circuit voltage ?(V?_oc) value of 0.904 V and a fill factor (FF) value of 79.67 % are obtained under AM1.5G illumination, exhibiting a maximum conversion efficiency (η) of 19.62 %. Other parameters like the external quantum efficiency (EQE), electric field developed, the current density-voltage (J-V) and the power density-voltage (P-V) characteristics are also calculated and plotted for the designed solar cell. Voir les détails

Mots clés : InGaN, solar cell, BSF layer, Window layer, simulation, Silvaco

Numerical simulation study of a high efficient AlGaN-based ultraviolet photodetector

F. Bouzid, L. Dehimi, F. Pezzimenti, M. HADJAB, A. HADJ LARBI  (2018)
Publication

In this paper, a two-dimensional (2D) numerical simulation study of a p+-n-n+ AlGaN-based ultraviolet (UV) photodetector, which is designed to achieve true solar blindness with a cutoff wavelength of 0.31 µm, is presented. The device performance is evaluated by investigating both the current density-voltage characteristics and the spectral response (SR). The proposed structure is optimized in terms of the fundamental geometrical and doping parameters. During the simulations, it was found that the detector is sensitive to the UV rays in the 0.155-0.37 µm wavelength range and the spectral response can reach 0.156 AW-1 under a light intensity of 1 Wcm-2 at zero-bias voltage and room temperature. This SR peak value increases further under reverse bias conditions. The temperature effect on the detector SR and the impact of an explicit trap concentration located into the p+ and n-region are also investigated. The spectral response decreases for a temperature exceeding 420 K. At the same time, the SR reference values begin to be affected only for acceptor and donor trap densities that are much higher than the local (total) doping concentration. Voir les détails

Mots clés : AlGaN, Numerical simulation, Photodetector, Spectral response, Trap Density

SIMULATION STUDY OF SUPER-RESOLUTION IN HYDROPHONE MEASUREMENTS OF PULSED ULTRASONIC FIELDS

Wahiba Djerir, Tarek Boutkedjirt  (2018)
Publication

In order to carry out reliable measurements of pulsed ultrasonic fields, the use of a piezoelectric hydrophone as receiver is recommended. However, due the finite size of the receiver aperture the measured acoustic pressure is affected by spatial averaging on the surface active face. The aim of this work is to deconvolve the spatial effects of the receiver hydrophone in order to reconstruct the pulsed ultrasonic field with a better spatial resolution. Hereby, the linear pulsed pressure field radiated in water by wideband planar transducers of 19 mm diameter, with central frequencies fc=2.25 MHz and fc=15 MHz are considered. The receivers are PVDF membrane hydrophones of 25 µm - thickness with rectangular and circular apertures. The results of this study show the strong dependency of the reconstruction quality upon the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Generally, the quality of the reconstruction decreases with decreasing SNR. Good reconstruction quality has been obtained with correlation coefficient larger than 0.9936 when the “acquired” signals are not too much noisy (SNR=60dB). In this case, improvement of the spatial resolution by a factor of 5 and 9 respectively could be reached. The reconstruction quality depends also upon the hydrophone dimensions, the axial distance to the source, the central frequency and the spectral frequency bandwidth of the pressure pulse. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Super-resolution, spatial inverse filter, spatial Wiener filter, PVDF hydrophone, pulsed ultrasonic field, ultrasonic field reconstruction.

Mechanism for phosphorus deactivation in silicon-based Schottkydiodes submitted to MW-ECR hydrogen plasma

D.BELFENNACHE, D.MADI, N.BRIHI, M.S.Aida, M.A.SAEED  (2018)
Publication

Current work reveals the deactivation mechanism of phosphorus in silicon-based Schottky diodes. Microwave plasma power(P) was fixed at 650 W to observe the variation in different operational parameters of diodes such as initial phosphorusconcentration, flux and hydrogenation temperature (TMWH) and process time (t). The analysis of variation in concentrationof phosphorus by hydrogenation has been carried out by capacitance–voltage (C–V) measurements to monitor the dopingactivation/deactivation. The results clearly show that the atomic species H+H is dominant in the reactors MW-ECR plasma.Therefore, the rates and depth of neutralization were obtained in the low phosphorus-doped silicon sample. The H becomesH0 and prefers an interaction with another H0 instead of gaining an electron to become a negative ion. The hydrogenationtemperature study indicates that the deactivation rate of phosphorus is achieved in a complex manner. Indeed, as the hydrogenationtemperatureincreases,deactivationof phosphorus also increasestill saturationat 250 °C.Athigher temperature,lowor evenno phosphorus–hydrogen complexexistsdue totheirthermaldissociation. The same behaviorwasconfirmedbylonghydrogenation. Voir les détails

Mots clés : MW-ECR plasma, Hydrogenation, phosphorus deactivation, C–V measurement

Friction stir welding process improvement through coupling an optimizationprocedure and three-dimensional transient heat transfer numerical analysis

Moustafa BOUKRAA, Nadhir Lebaal, Amina MATAOUI, Abdelhakim Settar, Mouloud Aissani, Nacer Tala-Ighil  (2018)
Publication

The present study deals with the improvement of the Friction Stir Welding process, through the prediction of theoptimal operating conditions, necessary for welding typical Aluminum-Lithium alloy material AA2195-T8. Anoptimization strategy coupled with 3D transient heat transfer computation were used to improve the FSWprocess parameters such as welding velocity, tool rotation velocity, tool diameter and applied force. The optimizationprocedure is based on three criteria: the control of the maximum temperature during FSW; the minimizationof the Heat Affected Zone (HAZ) length and finally the reduction of the total welding energy. Theobtained optimal parameters have given an ideal welding temperature in the workpiece, thereby ensuring goodwelding quality, gain in energy consumption and decrease both the welding time and the HAZ length. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Friction Stir Welding (FSW), Heat transfer, finite volume method, SQP algorithm optimization method