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Analyse par spectroscopie Infrarouge à transformée de Fourier et diffraction des rayons X d’un matériau composite.

N. Sassane, L. Alimi, T. Guettaf Temam, M. HASSANI, S.Boukhezar  (2019)
Article de conférence

Les composites à matrice polymère sont utilisés en général comme des biomatériaux à cause de leurs constituants. Le matériau analysé est un composite à matrice en polymère renforcé par une fibre de verre utilisé comme prothèse orthopédique d’un tibia. Les résultats obtenus de diffraction des rayons X et spectroscopie Infrarouge à transformée de Fourier(FTIR) montrent la présence de la silice SiO2 et de l’alumine Al2O3 se sont parmi les constituants de la fibre de verre ainsi que la présence des molécules organiques se sont parmi les constituants de la résine polyester. Voir les détails

Mots clés : composite, Prothèse orthopédiques, DRX, FTIR.

Microdrops in Microfluidic: Estimation of Geometrical Form

T. CHEKIFI, B. dennai, R. Khelfaoui  (2015)
Publication

Manipulation of small-sized liquid quantities is one of the key issues in technology, biology, chemistry and medicine.Where the increased surface-to-volume ratio making surface effects more dominant [42], which allows toreduce time of reaction and economies the costs of manufacturing products. The microdrop is a typical example of asmall-sized liquid quantity; that can be considered as samples, reagents and supplementary indicator to approach us inthe direction of reaction and the state of microdrop. The creation of reproducible in stable geometrical form ofmicrodrop makes a critical step during the manufacturing of microdrop. Pressure based manufacturing of microdropnowadays a common way to create reproducible and stable small-sized drops. Many geometrical form of microdropcan be generated in different techniques. Proofed that microdevices based on pressure based manufacturing ofmicrodrops has already been successfully implemented. This paper serves as a review of the most importantcontributions, in the development of the creation of reproducible and stable microdrops in the past decades. Besidesserving as a reverence for researchers in this area, this paper is also a resource for everybody who wants to identify theeasiest way to precise microdrops geometrical form for a particular application by simple analysis. Voir les détails

Mots clés : form, microdrop, description and theoretical analysis.

Numerical Simulation of Droplet Breakup, Splitting andSorting in a Microfluidic Device

T. CHEKIFI, B. dennai, R. Khelfaoui  (2015)
Publication

Droplet generation, splitting and sorting are investigated numericallyin the framework of a VOF technique for interface tracking and a finite-volumenumerical method using the commercial code FLUENT. Droplets of water-in-oilare produced by a flow focusing technique relying on the use of a microchannellequipped with an obstacle to split the droplets. The influence of several parameterspotentially affecting this process is investigated parametrically towards the endof identifying "optimal" conditions for droplet breakup. Such parameters includesurface tension, the capillary number and the main channel width. We show thatthe capillary number plays a crucial role in determining droplet properties and theefficiency of the related generation process. An obstacle configuration can be effectivelyused to split a droplet, with the droplets being naturally sorted at the endof the main channel. Larger values of the capillary number generally lead to anincrease in the droplet frequency and a decrease in its typical size. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Water droplet, flow focusing, splitting, sorting, CFD, VOF, microchannel

Numerical Investigation of Flow Dynamic in Mini- Channel: Case of a Mini Diode Tesla

B. dennai, M. belboukhari, T. CHEKIFI, R. Khelfaoui  (2016)
Publication

Microfluidic systems are used and exploited in various fields, as they are highly specific and developed in their use. The micro devices are used in various analyzes of medical disciplines, chemical and other fields. Our research team "MAAt" within ENERGARID laboratory is in the process of triggered several lines of research in this area, the micro-mixing, separation of micro particles, droplet production. For that, we need tools and micro devices to study the phenomena.. In this work, we present a theoretical study and numerical simulation of micro device (micro diode Tesla). A Diode Tesla is similar to a heart valve conduit profile is shown in the following figure: In this simulation work, we will focuse the variation of geometrical parameters, the inside length lw (lw1> lw2> lw3), this study aims to optimize this setting to get a better efficiency. Then we will investigate the effect of the pressure variation on the volume flow. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Mini channel, diode Tesla, Efficiency, gas flow, microsystem.

Numerical and Experimental Investigation of FluidicMicrodrops Manipulation by Fluidic Mono-Stable Oscillator

T. CHEKIFI, B. dennai, R. Khelfaoui, A. Maazouzi  (2016)
Publication

A numerical and experimental study of passive microdrops manipulation hasbeen presented. This paper focuses on the modeling of micro-oscillators systemswhich are composed by passive amplifier without moving part. The characteristicsize of the channels is generally about 35 ¹mof depth. The numerical results indicatethat the production and manipulation of microdrops are possible with passivedevice within a typical oscillators chamber of 2:25 mm diameter and 0:20 mmlength when the Reynolds number is Re = 490. The novel microdrops methodthat is presented in this study provides a simple solution about the production ofmicrodrops problems in micro system. We undertake an experimental step. Thefirst part is based on realization of sample oscillator; the second part is consistedof visualization of the microdrops production and its manipulation. Voir les détails

Mots clés : microdrop, fluidic oscillator, CFD

MicroFluidic Oscillator: A Technical Solutionfor MicroMixture

B. dennai, A. BENTALEB, T. CHEKIFI, R. Khelfaoui, A. Abenbi  (2015)
Publication

The diffusion flux given by the Fick’s law characterizethe mixing rate. A passive mixingstrategy is proposed to enhance mixing of two fluids through perturbed jet low. A numerical studyof passive mixers has been presented. This paper is focused on the modeling of a micro-injectionsystems composed of passive amplifier without mechanical part. The micro-system modeling isbased on geometrical oscillators form. An asymmetric micro-oscillator design based on amonostable fluidic amplifier is proposed [2,7]. The characteristic size of the channels is generallyabout a few hundred of microns. The numerical results indicate that the mixing performance can beas high as 99 % within a typical mixing chamber of0.20 mm diameter inlet and 2.0 mm distance ofnozzle - spliter. In addition, the results confirm that self-rotation in the circular mixer significantlyenhances the mixing performance. The novel micro mixing method presented in this study providesa simple solution to mixing problems in microsystem. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Micro oscillator, modeling, Micro mixture, diffusion, Size effect.

Effect of Geometrical Parameters on Vortex Fluidic Oscillators Operating with Gases and Liquids

T. CHEKIFI, B. dennai, R. Khelfaoui  (2018)
Publication

The fluidic oscillator is an interesting device developed for passive flow measurement. These microsystems can produce a high oscillating jet frequency with high flow velocity. The main advantages of fluidic oscillators are that no moving parts is included in the device. Commercial CFD code FLUENT was used to perform analysis of flows in fluidic oscillator. Numerical simulations were carried out for different flow conditions, where water and air were used as working fluids. The oscillation frequencies were identified by the discrete fast Fourier transform method (FFT). Furthermore a low-pressure vortex of fluid flow in the oscillating chamber was observed. The effect of the operating pressure and the oscillating chamber shape on the fluidic oscillator performance is investigated. Moreover the velocity fluctuations of the feedback flows through both feedback channels and the output were determined quantitatively. In addition, the behaviour of the low-pressure vortex in both models is analysed. Also, numerical result revealed small vortices are developed at the end of nozzle while oscillation, which maintains the deflection of jet flow between attachments wall. Comparison of our numerical simulations with available results showed reasonably and good agreement. Voir les détails

Mots clés : fluidic oscillator, CFD, oscillating chamber, vortex, size effect, Coanda effect.

Identification of the elasto-viscoplastic parameters for a thermoplastic polymer by instrumented indentation

A. Mokhtari, N. TALA IGHIL  (2018)
Publication

The indentation test is a simple, fast and reliable tool that allows the determination of the materials mechanical properties from experimental load-penetration curves using the inverse computation methods. Through this approach and using the Berkovich indenter, the creep and elasto-plastic properties of the polymers were estimated. Simulations of the elasto-viscoplastic behaviour of the studied polymers under nanoindentation tests were performed. A finite element analysis was carried out to simulate the mechanical behaviour of polymers which can be defined by the Young's modulus E and the parameters (K and n) that describe the materials hardening for large deformations. The obtained functions from the numerical simulations were validated by nanoindentation and compression tests for the studied polymers. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Nano-indentation, polymers, inverse computation methods

DAMAGE MODELLING IN THERMOPLASTIC LAMINATES REINFORCED WITH STEEL AND GLASS FIBRES UNDER QUASI-STATIC INDENTATION LOADING AT LOW-VELOCITY

M’hamed Mahdad, Aicha Ait Saada, Idir Belaidi, Ahcene MOKHTARI, Adel Benidir  (2018)
Publication

This paper deals with experimental and numerical investigations of the composites damages with ductile and fragile reinforcement under quasi-static indentation loading. The main goal of the work is to increase the postdamage residual strength and ductility of thermoplastic composite. Two types of composite laminates with polypropylene (PP) matrix are tested: glass fibre laminate (GFPP) and steel fine wire mesh laminate (SWPP). The specimens are [0° 90°]2s stacking sequence and prepared by using a compression moulding technique. Quasi-static indentation tests were performed with two distinct penetration scales under low velocity (1.2 mm/min). The diameter of the hemispherical indenter is 16 mm. The failure mechanisms of composite layers were examined by the field emission scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results show that the failure mode of SWPP laminates is principally dominated by the plastic deformation component. In contrast, the GFPP laminate exhibits a fragile behaviour which is related to the fragile failure of glass fibres. In addition, the SEM shows that matrix cracking, fibre breakage, debonding and fibre pull out are the major damages observed around the indentation area. A model based on the combined use of plasticity, damage and fracture, was developed and applied to simulate quasi-static indentation behaviour and predict the resulting damage. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Indentation, laminates, damage, modelling, thermoplastics, energy absorption

A Simple Efficient Finite Element for the Sandwich Plates Analysis

K. BELKAID, B. BOUBIR, N. BOUTASSETA, H. Aouaichia, N. Fergani, D. GAAGAIA  (2019)
Article de conférence

In this work, a numerical simulation has been considered of a sandwich composite panel subjected to a mechanical uniaxial load in order to study the buckling behaviors. In this study, we used the finite element Abaqus software and a simple efficient finite element model available in the literature [1] in order to: 1- Describe the fundamental buckling modes of a sandwich composite panel. 2- Understand the buckling behavior on this type of structure. 3- Validate the reply of the developed element on buckling behavior for the sandwich composite structure with the finite element ABAQUS software. Voir les détails

Mots clés : composite, sandwich, buckling modes, finite element