Study of the inhibiting effect of a quaternaryammonium surfactants mixture synthesizedfrom petroleum fraction (reformate) againstthe carbon steel corrosion in HCl 1 M

Auteurs :  Houria Hamitouche, Abdellah Khelifa, A.KOUACHE, Saaˆ d Moulay
Année : 2013
Domaine : Chimie
Type : Article de journal
Revue : Research on Chemical Intermediates
Résumé en PDF :  (résumé en pdf)
Fulltext en PDF :  (.pdf)
Mots clés : Corrosion inhibition  Carbon steel  Petroleum quaternary ammonium  Cationic surfactants mixture

Résumé : 

Quaternary ammonium cationic surfactants were synthesized fromreformate, a liquid mixture of hydrocarbons (aromatics, naphthenes and paraffins),via chloromethylation/quaternization sequences. The petroleum surfactants thusobtained were evaluated as corrosion inhibitors for carbon steel in 1 M HCl, bygravimetry, potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.The corrosion inhibiting efficiency was assessed as functions of surfactantconcentration. The results showed that the inhibiting efficiency increased withsurfactant concentration; its optimal value of 70 % was for a surfactant concentrationof 320 mg/L at 25 C. Potentiodynamic polarization measurements showedthat the mixture acts as a mixed type inhibitor. The corrosion inhibiting mechanismis thought to proceed via an adsorption of the surfactant molecules on the steelsurface, generating a film and hindering the active sites. Our experimentaladsorption data were found to obey the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. SEM imagesof the treated specimens, revealing the likely formation of a protective film, demonstratedthe inhibiting capacity of the petroleum quaternary ammonium surfactantsagainst the carbon steel corrosion.