Structural modification, photoluminescence, andmagnetic property enhancement with Er3+ doping,of sol–gel TiO2 thin films

Type : Publication
Auteur(s) :  Heider DEHDOUH, Rabah Bensaha, Mourad ZERGOUG
Année :  2017
Domaine : Sciences des matériaux
Revue : materials research express
Résumé en PDF :  (résumé en pdf)
Fulltext en PDF :  (.pdf)
Mots clés :  TiO2 doped Er3+, Sol–gel, Photoluminescence, Magnetic Properties

Résumé : 

Nanocrystalline undoped and Er3+ doped TiO2 thin films were prepared by sol–gel dip-coatingtechnique onto glass substrates. Post-deposited films were annealed at 450 °C for 1 h. Differentialscanning calorimetric analysis showed that undoped film crystallization occurred at 339 °C, whileit appears at lower temperature for Er:TiO2. X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy resultsindicate that the films crystallize only into anatase phase, and the crystallite size decreases from24.3 to 21.16 nm with increasing Er3+ doping ratio. The photoluminescence (PL) spectra arecomposed of two broad peaks at 520–570 nm and 640–680 nm assigned to (2H11/2, 4S3/2)–4I15/2 and4F9/24I15/2 transitions of Er3+ ions, respectively. PL emission intensities increase gradually raisingthe erbium doping ratio. Vibrating sample magnetometer results of undoped TiO2 thin films reveala ferromagnetic behavior at room temperature and erbium doping leads to an enhancement of thesaturated magnetic moment (Ms).