Numerical study of parameters affecting pressure drop of power-law fluid in horizontal annulus for laminar and turbulent flows

Type : Publication
Auteur(s) :  Hicham Ferroudji, Ahmed Hadjadj, Ahmed HADDAD, Titus Ntow Ofei
Année :  2019
Domaine : Transport et équipement des hydrocarbures
Revue : Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology
Résumé en PDF :  (résumé en pdf)
Fulltext en PDF :  (.pdf)
Mots clés :  Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) Power-law fluid Pressure drop Secondary flow

Résumé : 

Efficient hydraulics program of oil and gas wells has a crucial role for the optimization of drilling process. In the present paper, a numerical study of power-law fluid flow through concentric (E = 0.0) and eccentric annulus (E = 0.3, E = 0.6 and E = 0.9) was performed for both laminar and turbulent flow regimes utilizing a finite volume method. The effects of inner pipe rotation, flow behavior index and diameter ratio on the pressure drop were studied; furthermore, the appearance and development of secondary flow as well as its impact on the pressure drop gradient were evaluated. Results indicated that the increment of the inner pipe rotation from 0 to 400 rpm is found to decrease pressure drop gradient for laminar flow in concentric annulus while a negligible effect is observed for turbulent flow. The beginning of secondary flow formation in the wide region part of the eccentric annulus (E = 0.6) induces an increase of 9% and a slight increase in pressure drop gradient for laminar and turbulent flow, respectively. On the other hand, the variation of the flow behavior index and diameter ratio from low to high values caused a dramatic increase in the pressure drop. Streamlines in the annulus showed that the secondary flow is mainly induced by eccentricity of the inner pipe where both high values of diameter ratio and low values of flow behavior index tend to prevent the secondary flow to appear.