Study of the effect burnishing on superficial hardness and hardeningof S355JR steel using experimental planning

Auteurs :  M. BOUREBIA, A. Bouri, H Hamadache, S. Achouri, L. Laouar, A. GHARBI, O. GHELLOUDJ, K. BOUHAMLA
Année : 2019
Domaine : Génie mécanique
Type : Article de journal
Revue : Energy Procedia
Résumé en PDF :  (résumé en pdf)
Fulltext en PDF :  (.pdf)
Mots clés : Surface hardness, factorial designs, ball burnishing, Mathematical model, tensile behaviour

Résumé : 

Surface hardness plays an important role in lifetime of a mechanical piece subjected to friction and wear. Indeed, thehardness can be improved by superficial plastic deformation processes (SDP), such as mechanical surface treatment"MST", in particular the ball burnishing. However, the treatment result of is conditioned by mastery of operationthus ensuring treated piece good mechanical and geometric properties. Experimental work was carried out byapplying the ball burnishing process on steel tensile specimens S355JR, in order to observe the influence oftreatment parameters regime on surface hardness 'Hv' and the effect of latter on tensile behavior of this steel. Twoparameters of regime were considered namely: burnishing force "Py" and number of passes "i". The relationshipbetween these parameters and microhardness measured at "Hv" surface has been highlighting using factorial plans22. Moreover a mathematical model has been obtained allowing prediction of response (Hv) as well as optimizationof parameters of treatment regime. The experimental results showed that for surface hardness Hv it is possible toreach a 45% improvement rate for a burnishing force py = 20 Kgf and a number of passages i = 3 for this material.Regarding behavior of material during tensile test, for a low burnishing force (py = 10N) and a number of passes (i= 5), the section further weakening (S = 4.14), proof than ductility of material has decreased.