Vector Fourier transform analysis of stacked rectangular microstrip patches on isotropic and anisotropic substrates

Auteurs :  Bouraiou, A. Amir, M. Fortaki, T. Bouttout, F. Khedrouche, D. Benghalia, A.
Année : 2015
Domaine : Electronique
Type : Article de journal
Revue : Aerospace Science and Technology
Résumé en PDF :  (résumé en pdf)
Fulltext en PDF :  (.pdf)
Mots clés : Stacked patches Unsymmetrical patches Dual-frequency operation Full-wave analysis

Résumé : 

Galerkin’s method in the vector Fourier transform domain is used for computing the resonant frequencies of two stacked rectangular patches embedded in a multilayered media containing isotropic and/or uniaxial anisotropic dielectrics. The proposed method for determining the dyadic Green’s functions of the stacked configuration leads to a new concise expression, allowing the computation of these dyadic easily by using simple matrix multiplications. Numerical results are presented for two stacked rectangular patches fabricated on a two-layered substrate. Numerical results are also obtained for another stacked configuration involving three patches and five layers. The set of TM modes of a rectangular cavity with magnetic side walls are used in the approximation of the currents on the patches. Through numerical convergence checks, it is found that for symmetrical patches, only one mode per patch suffices to obtain good convergence, while for unsymmetrical patches, additional basis functions should also be included in both the approximation of the current on the lower patch and the one on the upper patch. The validity of the solution is tested by comparing the computed results with the known experimental data. The numerical results indicate that the two constitutive resonators of the stacked structure, which determine the dual-frequency behavior of the antenna, depend on the relative sizes of the lengths of the patches. Also, the numerical results show that substrate dielectric anisotropy has a more pronounced effect on the lower resonance than on the upper resonance. With regard to the bandwidth, we show that in order to bring the stacked antenna the benefits of broad band, it is necessary that the antenna operates at its lower (upper) resonance when b2 > b1 (b2 < b1). Other results also indicate that the displacement of the upper patch along the resonant direction constitutes an efficient tool for widening the separation between the upper and lower resonances.