Puzzle of c-WN phase stabilization

Type : Article de conférence
Auteur(s) :  W. RICHI, D. ZANATI
Année :  2018
Domaine : Sciences des matériaux
Conférence: the 4th International Conference on Systems and Control
Lieu de la conférence:  The 6th International Conference on Welding, Non Destructive Testing and Materials Industry (IC-WNDT-MI)
Résumé en PDF :  (résumé en pdf)
Fulltext en PDF :  (.pdf)
Mots clés :  Cubic Tungsten nitride ceramics, Firstprinciples calculations, Formation energy

Résumé : 

In this paper, we present first-principles calculationsthat compare structural and electronic properties of WN inthe NaCl and NbO phases. Our results predict that the NbOstructure of WN is more stable than the NaCl structure withoutdefects, where the enthalpy of formation per formula unit Hf =-0.872eV and 0.616eV for NbO and NaCl structures, respectively.Moreover, the calculated lattice parameters of c-WN are a=4.35A°and a=4.11A° for NaCl and NbO phases, respectively. It is veryclear that the lattice parameter obtained for c-WN in NbO is invery good concordance with that reported experimentally of a =4.14A° . Although the formation energy calculations support thehypothesis of the stability of the NbO phase, the experimental xrayphotoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) electron density of statesfor valence band spectra corresponds to that density of statescalculated for c-WN in NaCl phase. Based on this comparison,more consideration must be taken into account to elucidate thisissue.