Ultrasonic TOFD Technique for Cracks Sizing and Locating Based on PSO

Type : Article de conférence
Auteur(s) :  Yacef Nabil, Bouden Toufik, Grimes Morad
Année :  2016
Domaine : Sciences des matériaux
Conférence: 7th African Conference on Non Destructive Testing (ACNDT) & the 5th International Conference on NDT and Materials Industry and Alloys (IC-WNDT-MI)
Lieu de la conférence:  Oran, Algeria
Résumé en PDF :  (résumé en pdf)
Fulltext en PDF :  (.pdf)
Mots clés :  Ultrasonic testing, Time of flight diffraction, Wave propagation, Finite element methode, Particle Swarm Optimization, Crack

Résumé : 

Ultrasonic Non-destructive testing has been widely used in industry to detect, characterize and size defects in materials. In this paper, an ultrasonic testing technique and an ultrasonic signal processing method are used to size and locate flaws in materials. The ultrasonic testing technique is based on determination of the time of flight of diffracted echoes from the defect edges (time of flight diffraction TOFD). To improve the arrival time resolution of a TOFD signal, an estimation technique based on Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) and Matching Pursuit decomposition (MP) is proposed. The finite element method (FEM), using the ABAQUS software package, is employed for modeling the TOFD technique in a two-dimensional geometry. Simulation and experimental results proved the efficiency of the proposed method.