Determination ofresidual stressby X-ray diffractionin a weld cordon

Type : Article de conférence
Auteur(s) :  H. Nezzari, L. Chekour, H. Berkane, S. Boudrahem, A. Djermoune
Année :  2016
Domaine : Sciences des matériaux
Conférence: 7th African Conference on Non Destructive Testing (ACNDT) & the 5th International Conference on NDT and Materials Industry and Alloys (IC-WNDT-MI)
Lieu de la conférence:  Oran, Algeria
Résumé en PDF :  (résumé en pdf)
Fulltext en PDF :  (.pdf)
Mots clés :  soudage, contraintes résiduelles, diffraction de rayon X, microscopie.

Résumé : 

In this study, the implementation of the method fordetermining residual stresses by X-ray diffraction andapply it to the case of a bead of solder. Weldingprocesses induce changes in the microstructure andresidual deformations and stresses that it is so difficultto control that important To study this phenomenonof welding two pieces and low alloy low carbon, werewelded to the electrical arc with coated electrode ofmild steel. The morphology of the samples wascharacterized by optical and electron microscopy,showing the significant change in the microstructurein the different area of the cord. The hardness profilesobtained show that the hardness is stable (200 Hv) inthe base metal and increases in the cord (230 Hv). Inthis work, the X-ray diffraction was used to analyzethe residual stresses. The results of measurements onthe crude sample show that the constraints are allcompression, with a higher level in the side region tothe cord and in the base metal. The relief annealed at650 ° C relaxes the constraints to a lower level whileremaining compressive. These results show that thepresent solder interesting mechanical and structuralcharacteristics, having regard to the present ofresidual compressive stresses, the absence ofstructural defects and cracks. Which promotes goodperformance and long life of the part in its operation.