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Structural modification, photoluminescence, andmagnetic property enhancement with Er3+ doping,of sol–gel TiO2 thin films

Heider DEHDOUH, Rabah Bensaha, Mourad ZERGOUG  (2017)
Publication

Nanocrystalline undoped and Er3+ doped TiO2 thin films were prepared by sol–gel dip-coatingtechnique onto glass substrates. Post-deposited films were annealed at 450 °C for 1 h. Differentialscanning calorimetric analysis showed that undoped film crystallization occurred at 339 °C, whileit appears at lower temperature for Er:TiO2. X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy resultsindicate that the films crystallize only into anatase phase, and the crystallite size decreases from24.3 to 21.16 nm with increasing Er3+ doping ratio. The photoluminescence (PL) spectra arecomposed of two broad peaks at 520–570 nm and 640–680 nm assigned to (2H11/2, 4S3/2)–4I15/2 and4F9/24I15/2 transitions of Er3+ ions, respectively. PL emission intensities increase gradually raisingthe erbium doping ratio. Vibrating sample magnetometer results of undoped TiO2 thin films reveala ferromagnetic behavior at room temperature and erbium doping leads to an enhancement of thesaturated magnetic moment (Ms). Voir les détails

Mots clés : TiO2 doped Er3+, Sol–gel, Photoluminescence, Magnetic Properties

Elaboration and characterization of ITO electrode modi?ed bytransition metal dispersed into polyaniline thin ?lms

Oua?a Belgherbi, Dalila Chouder, M.A. Saeed  (2018)
Publication

This work presents the characteristics of composite materials thin ?lms of polyaniline (PAni) andnickel (Ni) particles deposited onto indium tin oxide (ITO) substrate. The electropolymerizationof aniline was performed in acidic medium by potentiodynamic methods. The nickel particleswere electrochemically deposited on the surface of PAni/ITO by reducing metal ions (Ni) usinga potentiostatic method from a separate solution. The e?ect of applied potential as well as immersingtime of complexation on the amount of nickel dispersed was investigated. Di?erentcharacterization techniques were employed to study the electrochemical behavior and surfacecharacteristics of the Ni-PAni/ITO thin ?lms such as Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy(EIS), Cyclic Voltammetry, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), UV–visSpectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM).The morphology of the obtained composites shows a uniform dispersion of nickel particlesonto the polyaniline matrix and reveals that the immersing times of complexation has a signi?cante?ect on the amount of incorporated particles. The impedance spectroscopy study revealsthat the conductivity of the composite ?lm increases with the amount of nickel incorporated.UV–vis and FTIR results con?rm the presence of PAni and Ni particles on theelectrode surface. Voir les détails

Mots clés : polyaniline, Electro-polymerization, Nickel particles, Chronoamperometry, Materials composites

Design of Sobel Filter in VHDL

Mazouz Nezhate, Bouhouche Salah, Ziad Mostepha, DRAI Redouane  (2018)
Article de conférence

In order to automate the quality control process of pipe’s welding joint, we present in this paper a new design of an embedded computer vision system, which is based on a camera, controlled by an FPGA platform (Zynq-7000) for acquisition and image processing on the same FPGA circuit. A VHDL implementation of Sobel Edge Detection Algorithm is proposed. The obtained results were validated with those obtained by MATLAB.This will allow us to develop other tools more powerful and more robust. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Quality control, pipe welds, FPGA, Sobel, VHDL

Etude du composrtement à l'endommagement des materoaux composites stratifiés

HALIMI Rafik (2018)
Thèse de doctorat

Dans ce travail, plusieurs composites stratifiés à matrice époxyde ont fait l’objet d’une étude expérimentale dans le but de déterminer l’influence de certains paramètres tels que, le type de renforts, la séquence d’empilement et l’hybridation sur le comportement mécanique et dynamique amortissant. Une étude détaillée est d’abord menée pour déterminer les propriétés mécaniques des différents composites stratifiés, en traction statique et en flexion 3-points. Les résultats obtenus ont été analysés et comparés à ceux trouvés par la méthode ultrasonore. Des observations microscopiques au microscope optique et au microscope électronique à balayage (MEB) des faciès de rupture des différentes éprouvettes ont été présentées et les modes d’endommagement ont été analysés.           Ensuite, une analyse du comportement dynamique, en utilisant la méthode d’analyse dynamique mécanique (DMA) et la méthode d’analyse modale expérimentale (EMA), est mise en place pour identifier les propriétés viscoélastique et dissipatives des différents matériaux.          Enfin, l’utilisation de la méthode d’analyse modale et la méthode ultrasonore (propagation des ondes de Lamb) pour la détection de la présence d’endommagement a permis d'éclairer le lecteur sur la sensibilité de ces deux méthodes d’analyse, et de mettre en évidence l’évolution des propriétés mécaniques de la structure composite en fonction du niveau de dégradation. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Composites stratifiés, Comportement viscoélastique, Interface, vibrations, Analyse modale, amortissement, Cohésion, endommagement

Analyse par spectroscopie Infrarouge à transformée de Fourier et diffraction des rayons X d’un matériau composite.

N. Sassane, L. Alimi, T. Guettaf Temam, M. HASSANI, S.Boukhezar  (2019)
Article de conférence

Les composites à matrice polymère sont utilisés en général comme des biomatériaux à cause de leurs constituants. Le matériau analysé est un composite à matrice en polymère renforcé par une fibre de verre utilisé comme prothèse orthopédique d’un tibia. Les résultats obtenus de diffraction des rayons X et spectroscopie Infrarouge à transformée de Fourier(FTIR) montrent la présence de la silice SiO2 et de l’alumine Al2O3 se sont parmi les constituants de la fibre de verre ainsi que la présence des molécules organiques se sont parmi les constituants de la résine polyester. Voir les détails

Mots clés : composite, Prothèse orthopédiques, DRX, FTIR.

Effet de la cinétique de précipitation sur la résistance à la corrosion de l’acier inoxydable duplex 2205 et de l’alliage d’aluminium 2000

DJAMA Mustapha (2018)
Thèse de doctorat

This thesis is subdivided into two main parts. First, the influence of the microstructure of the AA2214-T6 aluminum alloy on the morphologies and electrochemical properties of anodic alumina oxide films was investigated. (AAO) formed,  and then to see if the heat treatment T4 brought to the AA2214 alloy brought improvements in term of the morphologies of (AAO) and in term of resistance to the corrosion of the anodic alumina oxide films .Secondly, we orientate this work to correlate the pitting potential (Epit) evolution with the kinetics of σ phase precipitation in the 2205 duplex stainless steel aged at 850°C after solution treatment at 1150°C. The potentiodynamic polarization curves indicate a reduction of the pitting corrosion resistance with the aging time, which is revealed by a decrease in the Epit values from 0.65 to 0.40 VSCE. Thus, Epit values are used to determine the kinetics parameters of the σ phase precipitation. The experimental transformed fraction agrees well with the one calculated by using the modified Kolmogorov–Johnson–Mehl–Avrami equation with an impingement parameter c = 0.6. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Kinetics, KJMA, Pitting corrosion, Potentiodynamic polarization, sigma phase precipitation, Aluminum alloy, (AAO) anodic alumina oxide, porous structure, T4, EIS

Electric Field Distribution in point-insulating barrier-Plane System using experimental and Theoretical method

S.Benharat, S.Bouazabia, S.BELGACEM  (2019)
Article de conférence

The present paper deals with the influence of insulating barriers on the breakdown and the electric field distribution in the Point –insulating barrier- plane air gap system. An experimental investigation on the influence of different parameters such as gap distance between electrodes and barrier dimensions, under AC voltage, have been studied. The results show that the width and thickness of the insulating barrier effect the electric field variation which increases with increasing applied voltage. The experimental results are compared with a numerical model. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Electric field, Finite Element Method, breakdown voltage, insulating barrier, point- plane system

Microdrops in Microfluidic: Estimation of Geometrical Form

T. CHEKIFI, B. dennai, R. Khelfaoui  (2015)
Publication

Manipulation of small-sized liquid quantities is one of the key issues in technology, biology, chemistry and medicine.Where the increased surface-to-volume ratio making surface effects more dominant [42], which allows toreduce time of reaction and economies the costs of manufacturing products. The microdrop is a typical example of asmall-sized liquid quantity; that can be considered as samples, reagents and supplementary indicator to approach us inthe direction of reaction and the state of microdrop. The creation of reproducible in stable geometrical form ofmicrodrop makes a critical step during the manufacturing of microdrop. Pressure based manufacturing of microdropnowadays a common way to create reproducible and stable small-sized drops. Many geometrical form of microdropcan be generated in different techniques. Proofed that microdevices based on pressure based manufacturing ofmicrodrops has already been successfully implemented. This paper serves as a review of the most importantcontributions, in the development of the creation of reproducible and stable microdrops in the past decades. Besidesserving as a reverence for researchers in this area, this paper is also a resource for everybody who wants to identify theeasiest way to precise microdrops geometrical form for a particular application by simple analysis. Voir les détails

Mots clés : form, microdrop, description and theoretical analysis.

Numerical Simulation of Droplet Breakup, Splitting andSorting in a Microfluidic Device

T. CHEKIFI, B. dennai, R. Khelfaoui  (2015)
Publication

Droplet generation, splitting and sorting are investigated numericallyin the framework of a VOF technique for interface tracking and a finite-volumenumerical method using the commercial code FLUENT. Droplets of water-in-oilare produced by a flow focusing technique relying on the use of a microchannellequipped with an obstacle to split the droplets. The influence of several parameterspotentially affecting this process is investigated parametrically towards the endof identifying "optimal" conditions for droplet breakup. Such parameters includesurface tension, the capillary number and the main channel width. We show thatthe capillary number plays a crucial role in determining droplet properties and theefficiency of the related generation process. An obstacle configuration can be effectivelyused to split a droplet, with the droplets being naturally sorted at the endof the main channel. Larger values of the capillary number generally lead to anincrease in the droplet frequency and a decrease in its typical size. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Water droplet, flow focusing, splitting, sorting, CFD, VOF, microchannel

Numerical Investigation of Flow Dynamic in Mini- Channel: Case of a Mini Diode Tesla

B. dennai, M. belboukhari, T. CHEKIFI, R. Khelfaoui  (2016)
Publication

Microfluidic systems are used and exploited in various fields, as they are highly specific and developed in their use. The micro devices are used in various analyzes of medical disciplines, chemical and other fields. Our research team "MAAt" within ENERGARID laboratory is in the process of triggered several lines of research in this area, the micro-mixing, separation of micro particles, droplet production. For that, we need tools and micro devices to study the phenomena.. In this work, we present a theoretical study and numerical simulation of micro device (micro diode Tesla). A Diode Tesla is similar to a heart valve conduit profile is shown in the following figure: In this simulation work, we will focuse the variation of geometrical parameters, the inside length lw (lw1> lw2> lw3), this study aims to optimize this setting to get a better efficiency. Then we will investigate the effect of the pressure variation on the volume flow. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Mini channel, diode Tesla, Efficiency, gas flow, microsystem.