Liste des publications

Nombre total de résultats : 541
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Isothermal and non-isothermal precipitation kinetics in Al–Mg–Si-(Ag) alloy

Oussama.Djema, Mabrouk.Bouabdallah, Riad.Badji, Amr.Saadi, Nabil.Kherrouba, Amane.Sahli  (2019)

In the present work, isothermal and non-isothermal precipitation kinetics in a 6063 aluminium alloy containing a small silver (Ag) addition have been investigated using Vickers microhardness and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) measurements respectively. Isothermal kinetics analysis showed that β'' phase precipitation obeyed the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami (JMA) model. The DSC analysis revealed that Ag addition modified the precipitation sequence in the investigated 6063 aluminium alloy through the formation of an additional metastable pre-β'' phase. An approach based on the additivity concept has been applied to the heating DSC diagrams to investigate the β'' phase precipitation. The obtained Avrami exponent values from this approach led to suggest that the β'' phase precipitation proceeded through two processes during continuous heating. The Avrami exponent value obtained at the final stage of the transformation was consistent with that obtained from the isothermal analysis, whereas the corresponding activation energy was higher than the one calculated from the isothermal analysis and Kissinger's method. It was also established that the precipitation kinetics of the β'' phase was enhanced by the formation of the precursor phase pre-β''. Voir les détails

Mots clés : 6063 aluminium alloy, Ag addition, Precipitation kinetics, JMA model, Additivity concept

Effect of solution treatment on the microstructure, micromechanical properties, and kinetic parameters of the β → α phase transformation during continuous cooling of Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy

Nabil KHERROUBA, Denis CARRON, Mabrouk BOUABDALLAH, Riad BADJI  (2019)

The aim of this study is to examine the effect of solution treatment temperature (STT) on the microstructure, the micromechanical properties, and the kinetic parameters of the β → α phase transformation during continuous cooling of the dual phase titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V. Increasing the STT from 1050 °C to 1200 °C delays the formation of the α phase during cooling and increases the value of its activation energy. The microstructural analysis reveals the emergence of αW platelets from protuberances on the αGB / αW interface. The investigation of the morphology of the αW platelets reveals the presence of ledges on their longest side showing a sharp extremity. The micromechanical properties determined by nanoindentation and microhardness tests are almost insensitive to the cooling rate but are strongly affected by the STT; the higher the STT, the lower the overall microhardness of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy. In addition, the STT affects the microhardness and the Young’s modulus of both α and β phases differently; when the STT increases, the microhardness and the Young’s modulus of the α phase decrease whereas those of the β phase increase. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Ti-6Al-4V, solution treatment, ledge mechanism, interface instability, Nanoindentation, partitioning

Structural, Electronic and Mechanical Properties of C14-Mg 2 RE(RE=Eu, Er, Tm, Yb and Lu) Laves Phases: A DFT Study

A. Zahague, B. Lagoun, A. Legris, R. Besson, L. Rabahi, D. Bradai  (2019)

The Pseudo-Potential Density Functional Theory (PP-DFT) method is applied to investigatethe structural, electronic and mechanical properties of C14-Mg 2 RE Laves phases, with RE being Eu,Er, Tm, Yb and Lu. The predicted cell parameter and c/a ratio of each compound are in good agreement with experimental and theoretical results. Moreover, the studied alloys exhibit a metalliccharacter, which is attributed to the presence of Mg atoms in the C14 Laves phase. Also, theformation of C14-Mg 2 RE is found to be controlled by the hybridisation between Mg p states and RE-d and f states. From a mechanical property analysis, the studied alloys are found to be mechanicallystable. The Mg 2 Lu compound exhibits higher ductility, while Mg 2 Er exhibits the smallest one.Finally, Mg 2 Yb is found to be more anisotropic than other phases. Voir les détails

Mots clés : A DFT calculations, B Magnesium based Laves phases, C Density Functional Theory (DFT), D Mechanical properties, E Electronic properties

Nitriding effect on structural stability and magnetic properties of FeAl alloys:DFT study

Ismahane Berrached, Lyacine RABAHI, Malika Gallouze, Abdelhafid Kellou  (2019)

Using the DFT calculations, the phase stability, structural deformation and magnetic momentof Fe-riche FeAl alloys in presence of different percents of nitrogen were calculated. Theformation enthalpy of these Fe-Al alloys indicates that N preferred the octahedral site than thesubstitution one. Significant changes occur in this energy, affected by N and Fe contentcausing local distortions. From 25 at.% N, the phenomenon of saturation appeared and thesubstitution takes place. The addition of 6 at.% N stabilizes Fe 9 Al 7 and Fe 10 Al 6 . The presenceof N atom leading to decrease the total magnetic moment of FeAl nitride when the magneticorder is antiferromagnetic between N and Fe atom. This magnetic moment increased by theferromagnetic coupling between Fe and N, thus increasing the Fe local magnetic moment andthe magneto-volume effect. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Nitriding, Magnetic Properties, Structural Stability., FeAl Alloys, DFT

Comparative investigation of the Ni and the Fe effect on the structure andmechanical response of a WC-W-Ni hardmetal obtained by infiltration

H. Bouchafaa, D. Miroud, S. MATO, Z. Boutaghou, B. Cheniti, F.J. PÉREZ, G. ALCALÁ  (2019)

In the present work, and in order to enhance the efficiency of drilling tools for the oil and gas industry, theinfluence and performance of Ni and Fe during spontaneous infiltration on a WC-W-Ni composite materialmechanical behaviour was addressed. Solid-state activity of Fe and Ni during infiltration exhibits partial dissolution in the metallic binder. The chemical affinity between Fe and Ni, provided by the Fe powder and thebinder respectively, derived on the formation of the (Fe, Ni) solid solution and FeNi3 intermetallic precipitates inthe particle/matrix diffusion region, with a hardness (12 GPa) close to that of WC and high elastic modulus (230 GPa). Furthermore, the diffusion of Fe to the matrix leads to the formation of sub-micrometer precipitatesof α-Fe with some (Ni, Mn) in solid solution and of Ni3Sn with a small amount of Cu dissolved, driving to anincrease of about 30% in its elastic modulus, and without appreciable effect in the hardness observed. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Metal matrix composites, Liquid-solid reactions, Precipitation, powder metallurgy, diffusion, mechanical properties

Structural modification, photoluminescence, andmagnetic property enhancement with Er3+ doping,of sol–gel TiO2 thin films

Heider DEHDOUH, Rabah Bensaha, Mourad ZERGOUG  (2017)

Nanocrystalline undoped and Er3+ doped TiO2 thin films were prepared by sol–gel dip-coatingtechnique onto glass substrates. Post-deposited films were annealed at 450 °C for 1 h. Differentialscanning calorimetric analysis showed that undoped film crystallization occurred at 339 °C, whileit appears at lower temperature for Er:TiO2. X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy resultsindicate that the films crystallize only into anatase phase, and the crystallite size decreases from24.3 to 21.16 nm with increasing Er3+ doping ratio. The photoluminescence (PL) spectra arecomposed of two broad peaks at 520–570 nm and 640–680 nm assigned to (2H11/2, 4S3/2)–4I15/2 and4F9/24I15/2 transitions of Er3+ ions, respectively. PL emission intensities increase gradually raisingthe erbium doping ratio. Vibrating sample magnetometer results of undoped TiO2 thin films reveala ferromagnetic behavior at room temperature and erbium doping leads to an enhancement of thesaturated magnetic moment (Ms). Voir les détails

Mots clés : TiO2 doped Er3+, Sol–gel, Photoluminescence, Magnetic Properties

Elaboration and characterization of ITO electrode modi?ed bytransition metal dispersed into polyaniline thin ?lms

Oua?a Belgherbi, Dalila Chouder, M.A. Saeed  (2018)

This work presents the characteristics of composite materials thin ?lms of polyaniline (PAni) andnickel (Ni) particles deposited onto indium tin oxide (ITO) substrate. The electropolymerizationof aniline was performed in acidic medium by potentiodynamic methods. The nickel particleswere electrochemically deposited on the surface of PAni/ITO by reducing metal ions (Ni) usinga potentiostatic method from a separate solution. The e?ect of applied potential as well as immersingtime of complexation on the amount of nickel dispersed was investigated. Di?erentcharacterization techniques were employed to study the electrochemical behavior and surfacecharacteristics of the Ni-PAni/ITO thin ?lms such as Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy(EIS), Cyclic Voltammetry, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), UV–visSpectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM).The morphology of the obtained composites shows a uniform dispersion of nickel particlesonto the polyaniline matrix and reveals that the immersing times of complexation has a signi?cante?ect on the amount of incorporated particles. The impedance spectroscopy study revealsthat the conductivity of the composite ?lm increases with the amount of nickel incorporated.UV–vis and FTIR results con?rm the presence of PAni and Ni particles on theelectrode surface. Voir les détails

Mots clés : polyaniline, Electro-polymerization, Nickel particles, Chronoamperometry, Materials composites

Microdrops in Microfluidic: Estimation of Geometrical Form

T. CHEKIFI, B. dennai, R. Khelfaoui  (2015)

Manipulation of small-sized liquid quantities is one of the key issues in technology, biology, chemistry and medicine.Where the increased surface-to-volume ratio making surface effects more dominant [42], which allows toreduce time of reaction and economies the costs of manufacturing products. The microdrop is a typical example of asmall-sized liquid quantity; that can be considered as samples, reagents and supplementary indicator to approach us inthe direction of reaction and the state of microdrop. The creation of reproducible in stable geometrical form ofmicrodrop makes a critical step during the manufacturing of microdrop. Pressure based manufacturing of microdropnowadays a common way to create reproducible and stable small-sized drops. Many geometrical form of microdropcan be generated in different techniques. Proofed that microdevices based on pressure based manufacturing ofmicrodrops has already been successfully implemented. This paper serves as a review of the most importantcontributions, in the development of the creation of reproducible and stable microdrops in the past decades. Besidesserving as a reverence for researchers in this area, this paper is also a resource for everybody who wants to identify theeasiest way to precise microdrops geometrical form for a particular application by simple analysis. Voir les détails

Mots clés : form, microdrop, description and theoretical analysis.

Numerical Simulation of Droplet Breakup, Splitting andSorting in a Microfluidic Device

T. CHEKIFI, B. dennai, R. Khelfaoui  (2015)

Droplet generation, splitting and sorting are investigated numericallyin the framework of a VOF technique for interface tracking and a finite-volumenumerical method using the commercial code FLUENT. Droplets of water-in-oilare produced by a flow focusing technique relying on the use of a microchannellequipped with an obstacle to split the droplets. The influence of several parameterspotentially affecting this process is investigated parametrically towards the endof identifying "optimal" conditions for droplet breakup. Such parameters includesurface tension, the capillary number and the main channel width. We show thatthe capillary number plays a crucial role in determining droplet properties and theefficiency of the related generation process. An obstacle configuration can be effectivelyused to split a droplet, with the droplets being naturally sorted at the endof the main channel. Larger values of the capillary number generally lead to anincrease in the droplet frequency and a decrease in its typical size. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Water droplet, flow focusing, splitting, sorting, CFD, VOF, microchannel

Numerical Investigation of Flow Dynamic in Mini- Channel: Case of a Mini Diode Tesla

B. dennai, M. belboukhari, T. CHEKIFI, R. Khelfaoui  (2016)

Microfluidic systems are used and exploited in various fields, as they are highly specific and developed in their use. The micro devices are used in various analyzes of medical disciplines, chemical and other fields. Our research team "MAAt" within ENERGARID laboratory is in the process of triggered several lines of research in this area, the micro-mixing, separation of micro particles, droplet production. For that, we need tools and micro devices to study the phenomena.. In this work, we present a theoretical study and numerical simulation of micro device (micro diode Tesla). A Diode Tesla is similar to a heart valve conduit profile is shown in the following figure: In this simulation work, we will focuse the variation of geometrical parameters, the inside length lw (lw1> lw2> lw3), this study aims to optimize this setting to get a better efficiency. Then we will investigate the effect of the pressure variation on the volume flow. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Mini channel, diode Tesla, Efficiency, gas flow, microsystem.