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Cr(VI) photocatalytic reduction under sunlight followed by Cr(III) extraction from TiO2 surface

Ridha Djellabi, Fouzi M.Ghorab, Sana Nouacer, Abdelaziz Smara, Ouahida Khireddine (2016)
Article de journal

The main objective of this work was the extraction of Cr(III) from TiO2 surface deposited after Cr(VI) reduction by TiO2 solar photocatalysis. The results show that the reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) by TiO2 under natural sunlight is total after 2 h using tartaric acid (A.T) as a hole scavenger under the following conditions: [Cr(VI)]: 20 ppm, [TiO2]: 2 g/L, [A.T]: 60 ppm and pH: 2.2. The produced Cr(III) is divided between deposited onto TiO2 surface (39.75%) and in the solution (60.25%). The Cr(III) removal from TiO2 surface by the sequential extraction after three washing were 90.13% and 42.62% using citric acid and EDTA respectively.Voir les détails

Mots clés : Chromium, Reduction, Deposition, Solar light, extraction, TiO2 surface

Analytical Modeling of Dual-Junction Tandem Solar Cells Based on an InGaP/GaAs Heterojunction Stacked on a Ge Substrate

F. Bouzid, F. Pezzimenti, L. Dehimi, F.G. Della Corte, M. HADJAB, and A. HADJ LARBI (2019)
Article de journal

An analytical model is used to describe the electrical characteristics of a dual?junction tandem solar cell performing with a conversion efficiency of 32.56%under air mass 1.5 global (AM1.5G) spectrum. The tandem structure consistsof a thin heterojunction top cell made of indium gallium phosphide (InGaP) ongallium arsenide (GaAs), mechanically stacked on a relatively thick germa?nium (Ge) substrate, which acts as bottom cell. In order to obtain the bestperformance of such a structure, we simulate for both the upper and lowersub-cell the current density–voltage, power density–voltage, and spectral re?sponse behaviors, taking into account the doping-dependent transportparameters and a wide range of minority carrier surface recombinationvelocities. For the proposed tandem cell, our calculations predict optimalphotovoltaic parameters, namely the short-circuit current density (Jsc), open?circuit voltage (Voc), maximum power density (Pmax), and fill factor (FF) areJsc = 28.25 mA/cm2, Voc = 1.24 V, Pmax = 31.64 mW/cm2, and FF = 89.95%,respectively. The present study could prove useful in supporting the design ofhigh efficiency dual junction structures by investigating the role of differentmaterials and physical parameters.Voir les détails

Mots clés : Analytical modeling, tandem solar cell, Spectral response, conversion efficiency

ETUDE DE LA PLASTIFICATION DU PVC PAR DES HUILES NATURELLES ALIMENTAIRES

BOUCHOUL Bousaha (2011)
Mémoire de magister

health starts several research to replace them by bio plasticizers, for that we studied the possibility of using the di ester isosorbide (DEI) and sunflower oil epoxydized as bio plasticizers. We manufactured PVC films containing various rates of DEHP, DEI and HTE. Then we carried out the analyses for the study of the mechanical (traction and hardness), thermals (coloring, TGA and DMA) and physic-chemical properties (volatility, extraction and leaching) according to change of the rate and the type of plasticizer. The results obtained show that the HTE has better thermal properties but very bad mechanical properties and physic-chemical, the DEI having almost the same properties or better than the DEHP. Voir les détails

Mots clés : PVC, DEHP, DEI, HTE, bio plasticizers, Volatility, extraction, leaching.

Dissimilar Welding between 2205 Duplex Stainless Steel and API X52High Strength Low Alloy Steel

B. BELKESSA, D. Miroud, B. Cheniti, N. OUALI, M. Hakem, M. Djama (2018)
Article de journal

This work purposes to investigate the microstructure and the mechanical behavior ofdissimilar metals weld between 2205 duplex stainless steel (UNS 31803) and high strength lowalloy steel API X52. The joining was produced by shielded metal arc welding process using twodifferent filler metals, the duplex E2209 and austenitic E309 grade.The microstructures of the dissimilar welded joints have been investigated by optical microscopy,scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The EDS analysisperformed at the API X52/weld metal interface showed an evident gradient of Cr and Ni betweenfusion and type II boundaries, where the highest hardness value was recorded.Voir les détails

Mots clés : Dissimilar metals welding; 2205 duplex stainless steel; API X52 HSLA steel; Heataffected zone

Evolution of Widmandstaïtten structure in welding joints

M. Hakem, R. RABAH OTMANI (2005)
Article de journal

The operation of welding induces a metallurgical multitude of phenomenon owing to the fact that it covers high fields' energetic thus causing important variations of the mechanical properties and microstructural of materials. The multipass welding of a HSLA steel strong thickness gives place to a variation of the microstructure of a layer to another. The thermal cycle supports the appearance of a known structure under the name of "structure of widmanstätten". The latter is supported by high heating temperatures and a fast cooling; it often germinates in the form of slat on the austenitic grain boundaries, known like ferrite of widmanstätten. But it can germinate in the form of needles in the grains on the impurities or on the precipitates, it is acicular ferrite. Impact strength and hardness tests were done on the melted zone after welding and heat treatment.The microstructural evolution of each layer influences the entire welded joint, conferring these final mechanical properties to him.Voir les détails

Mots clés : heat treatment, HSLA steels, welding, Widmanstätten structure

Mechanism for phosphorus deactivation in silicon-based Schottkydiodes submitted to MW-ECR hydrogen plasma

D.BELFENNACHE, D.MADI, N.BRIHI, M.S.Aida, M.A.SAEED (2018)
Article de journal

Current work reveals the deactivation mechanism of phosphorus in silicon-based Schottky diodes. Microwave plasma power(P) was fixed at 650 W to observe the variation in different operational parameters of diodes such as initial phosphorusconcentration, flux and hydrogenation temperature (TMWH) and process time (t). The analysis of variation in concentrationof phosphorus by hydrogenation has been carried out by capacitance–voltage (C–V) measurements to monitor the dopingactivation/deactivation. The results clearly show that the atomic species H+H is dominant in the reactors MW-ECR plasma.Therefore, the rates and depth of neutralization were obtained in the low phosphorus-doped silicon sample. The H becomesH0 and prefers an interaction with another H0 instead of gaining an electron to become a negative ion. The hydrogenationtemperature study indicates that the deactivation rate of phosphorus is achieved in a complex manner. Indeed, as the hydrogenationtemperatureincreases,deactivationof phosphorus also increasestill saturationat 250 °C.Athigher temperature,lowor evenno phosphorus–hydrogen complexexistsdue totheirthermaldissociation. The same behaviorwasconfirmedbylonghydrogenation.Voir les détails

Mots clés : MW-ECR plasma, Hydrogenation, phosphorus deactivation, C–V measurement

Synthesis and characterization of nickel nanoparticles supported on aluminum oxide

D.BELFENNACHE, A.Boulegane, D.Lakhdari, N.KAGHOUCHE (2019)
Article de conférence

Due to their peculiar qualities, metal-based nanostructures have been extensively used in applications such as catalysis, electronics, photography, and information storage, among others. New applications for metals in areas such as photonics, sensing, imaging, and medicine are also being developed. Significantly, most of these applications require the use of metals in the form of nanostructures with specific controlled properties. The properties of nanoscale metals are determined by a set of physical parameters that include size, shape, composition, and structure. In recent years, many research fields have focused on the synthesis of nanoscale-sized metallic materials with complex shape and composition in order to optimize the optical and electrical response of devices containing metallic nanostructures. In This work, we study nickel nanoparticles supported on aluminum oxide, prepared by impregnation with ionic exchange. In a first stage, the fixing conditions of the nickel precursor on aluminum oxide are optimized. In the second stage, the samples are calcined at temperature (T= 750 °C). Several experimental techniques are used for the characterization of the samples at the various stages of their elaboration (SEM, DRX, and VSM). A change of morphology of the aluminum oxide grains was observed by Scanning Electron Microscope. The X-rays diffraction shows the formations of nanoparticles Al3Ni2 of near size 16.7 nm. The extracted magnetic measurements show the good and the easy magnetizationVoir les détails

Mots clés : nanostructures, Ionic exchange, Nickel nanoparticles, calcination

Modeling of dual-junction tandem based on InGaP/GaAs heterojunction stacked on a Ge solar cell

F. Bouzid, F. Pezzimenti, L. Dehimi, F.G. Della Corte, M. HADJAB, A. HADJ LARBI (2019)
Article de conférence

In this work, an analytical model is used to describe the elctrical characteristics of a dual-junction tandem solar cell performing a conversion efficiency of 32.56% under air mass 1.5 global (AM1.5G) spectrum. The tandem structure consists of a thin heterojunction top cell made of indium gallium phosphide (InGaP) on gallium arsenide (GaAs), mechanically stacked on a relatively thick germanium (Ge) substrate which acts as bottom cell. In order to obtain the best performance of such a structure, we simulate for both the upper and lower sub-cell the current density-voltage, power density-voltage, and spectral response behaviours taking into account the doping-dependent transport parameters and a wide range of minority carrier surface recombination velocities.For the proposed tandem cell, our calculations predict that optimal photovoltaic (PV) parameters, namely the short-circuit current density (Jsc), open-circuit voltage (Voc), maximum power density (Pmax), and fill factor (FF) are Jsc= 28.25 mA/cm2, Voc= 1.24 V, Pmax = 31.64 mW/cm2, and FF = 89.95%, respectively. The present study could turn useful to support the design of high efficiency dual junction structures by investigating the role of different materials and physical parameters.Voir les détails

Mots clés : Analytical modeling, tandem solar cell, Spectral response, conversion efficiency

Effect of microstructure and precipitation phenomena on the mechanical behavior of AA6061-T6 aluminum alloy weld.

M. Hakem, S. Lebaili, S. Mathieu, D. Miroud, A. LEBAILI, B. Cheniti (2019)
Article de journal

In the present study, the effect of microstructure and precipitation phenomena on the micro hardness, tensile strength, impacttoughness, and electrochemical behavior of tungsten inert gas (TIG)-welded AA6061-T6 aluminum alloy are investigated. Themicrostructure features showed mainly the grains of aluminum solid solution with the presence of some precipitates at the grainboundaries. Scanning electron microscope micrographs exhibited the presence of Fe-based intermetallic and B-equilibriumprecipitates throughout a-Al grains. In the heat-affected zone (HAZ), the dissolution, over-aged, and coalescence of precipitatesare observed; their hardening effects disappear and a decrease in strength and hardness are noticed. The fracture toughness valuesof each zone at different temperatures using Charpy V-notch test remained constant where the HAZ presents the highest absorbedenergy. However, the temperature did not have a significant effect on the absorbed energy for each zone. In addition, the fracturedsurface of base metal (BM) and HAZ are characterized by dimple-like structure and they are larger in the HAZ. The electrochemicalbehavior of each zone of the weld evaluated in NaCl + H2O2 solution revealed that the corrosion current density of BMand HAZ is lower than that of molten zone (MZ), which displays high corrosion current density in this electrolyte and would befastest to corrode.Voir les détails

Mots clés : Aluminum alloys, TIG welding, precipitates, microstructure, Fractography, Electrochemical behavior

Poly Chlorure de Vinyle (PVC) Plastifié par des Mélanges des Plastifiants d’origineBiosourcés : Synthèse et Caractérisation

Boussaha BOUCHOUL, Mohamed Tahar BENANIBA (2016)
Article de journal

L’huile de tournesol époxydée (HTE) avec un indice d’oxyrane de 4,5 a été synthétisée à partir de l’huile de tournesol vierge et l’eau oxygénée (H2O2) en présence de l’acide formique. L’HTE est utilisée avec le di esters isosorbide (DEI) comme un système plastifiant biosourcé dans le PVC en combinaison avec un plastifiant classique soit le di-éthyle-2-hexyle phthalates (DEHP).Après fabrication des films (0,5 mm d’épaisseurs) de différents pourcentages des plastifiants dans un mélangeur à deux cylindres, on a réalisé les essais de la migration et d’excudation des plastifiants des formulations obtenues. La migration des plastifiants biosourcés (DEI ou HTE) en combinaison avec le DEHP est suivie par les tests de volatilité, d’extraction et de lessivage. Les pertes des masses des formulations plastifiées réalisées obtenues par les différents modes de caractérisation à savoir: la volatilité, l’extraction dans l’eau distillée et dans la gazoline et le lessivage dépendent de la pression devapeur, de la masse moléculaire, de la solubilité, de la compatibilité et de la structure chimique du plastifiant.Voir les détails

Mots clés : PVC, Biosourcé, Epoxydation, plastifiants