Liste des publications

Nombre total de résultats : 541
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Droplet Breakup Regime in a Cross-Junction Device with Lateral Obstacles

Tawfiq Chekifi  (2019)
Publication

Numerical simulation using Ansys Fluent code is performed, to investigate droplet generation in cross-junction based VOF method. Droplets of water are generated by the shear stress applied by continuous phase (oil), two configurations of cross-junction are suggested; the first is a simple model no modification is performed at the outer channel, while the second model is characterized by a lateral obstacle. we study the effect of velocity ratio, viscous parameter, interfacial tension, flow condition on droplet size and frequency, the effect of lateral obstacles on droplets generation is also focused and analysed. The numerical simulations showed that the velocity ratio and interfacial tension play a significant role in determining the droplet breakup and non-breakup. On the other side, the increase of flow rate ratio can be effectively used to decrease the droplet size. In addition, droplets produced in cross-junction with lateral obstacles are generally found to be larger than that produced with the first model. Moreover, the frequency of droplet production was increasing by increasing of flow rate ratio. The numerical results show very good agreements with previous numerical and experimental works for the growth of droplet breakup, size and frequency. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Water droplet, cross-junction, CFD, VOF, microchannel.

Thermo-physico-chemical and statistical mechanical properties of Washingtonian filifera new lignocellulosic fiber. Engineering Solid Mechanics

Djamel Edinne Gaagaiaa, Mustapha Bouakba, Abdelheq Layachi  (2019)
Publication

In this work, novel cellulosic fibers are extracted from Washingtonia Filifera (WF) plant using an environment-friendly technique. Morphological, Physico-chemical, thermal and mechanical properties are reported in this paper. Micro graphical SEM shows the presence of cells in the fiber.FTIR and XRD experimental analyzes show a cristinality index of 48.88%, and the WF fibers are found to be thermally stable until 201°C by using TGA and DTG thermographic analyzes with an appropriate activation energy of 72.46 kJ/mol, where Young modulus and tensile strength of strain were determined using tensile tests of single fiber at 2.17 GPa, 134 MPa and 26.55%, respectively. Mechanical properties are analyzed using a statistical method. Voir les détails

Mots clés : WF fibers, mechanical properties, FTIR, XRD, TGA, Statistical methods

SnS THIN FILMS DEPOSITION BY SPRAY PYROLYSIS: SOLVENT INFLUENCE

M. MESSAOUDI, M. S. AIDA, N. Attaf, S. SATTA  (2019)
Publication

Tin monosulfide (SnS) films are a new generation of absorber layers for thin ?lm heterojunction solar cell. The goal of the present study is the investigation of the role of the solvent on SnS thin films properties. Films were synthesized by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis technique. The used solution is a mixture of SnCl2.2H2O and thiourea (SC(NH2)2 precursors prepared with two different solvents: methanol and distilled water. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis reveals the SnS orthorhombic polycrystalline phase in different films. Using methanol as solvent leads to Sn2S3 secondary phase formation. While, film prepared with distilled water contains SnS2 as secondary phase. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations reveal that films deposited with the methanol are rough with the presence of craters bubbles on the surface due to gas exo-diffusion during film growth. However, the film deposited with distilled water has a smooth, uniform, homogeneous and pinholes free surface. The electrical measurements reveal that films are p-type semiconductors, the dark conductivity increases from 3.07×10-4 (W.cm)-1 in film prepared with methanol to 5.15×10-3 (W.cm)-1 when using distilled water. We inferred that using distilled water leads to films with better quality than methanol as solvent. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Tin monosulfide, Spray pyrolysis, Thin films, solar cells

Microstructural Study of Thin Films CuFe Obtained by ThermalEvaporation of Nanostructured Milled Powde

H. Mechri, A. Haddad, M. Zergoug, M. Azzaz  (2017)
Publication

Commercial copper and iron powders were used as starting materials. These powderswere mechanically alloyed to obtain Cu(100-x) Fex supersaturated mixture. The milling duration waschosen in such a way as to obtain a nanostructured mixture and to form a supersaturated solidsolution of CuFe; the powder mixture was used to deposit CuFe on a glass substrate.The elaboration of our films has been carried out using thermal evaporation process (physical vapordeposition) under 1 × 10-6 mbar vacuum from an electrically heated tungsten boat, using thesupersaturated solid solution Cu(100-x) Fex powder obtained by mechanical alloying. The filmsdeposition has been done on glass substrates. In this study, we present the composition effect on thestructural and magnetic proprieties of Cu(100-x) Fex powder and thin films. The chemicalcomposition, structural and magnetic proprieties of milled powders and thin films were examinedby SEM, TEM, XRD, XRF and VSM. Voir les détails

Mots clés : thin film, CuFe Solid Solution, microstructure, DRX, MET, VSM

CFD method for analysis of the effect of drill pipe orbital motion speed and eccentricity on the velocity profiles and pressure drop of drilling fluid in laminar regime

Hicham Ferroudji, Ahmed Hadjadj, Titus Ntow Ofei, Mohammad Aziz Rahman, Ibrahim Hassan, Ahmed HADDAD  (2019)
Publication

Due to the axial and lateral loads applied to the drill pipe during the drilling process, this last may loseits stability and begins to make complicated motions like the orbital one. In the present paper, thisorbital motion of the drill pipe is modelled using CFD method to investigate its effect on the axial andtangential velocity profiles in the wide and narrow regions of the eccentric annulus (E=0.2, E=0.4,E=0.6 and E=0.8), as well as, effect of the orbital motion speed on pressure drop gradient of drillingfluid is studied. Our results show that increment of the orbital motion speed from 100 to 400 rpmcauses an increase of 913% of the maximum axial velocity, however, this increment is estimated atabout 100% in the case where the drill pipe makes pure rotation for the eccentric annulus (E=0.8),Moreover, orbital motion of the inner pipe prevents the secondary flow to appear in the wide region ofeccentric annulus. For all eccentricities, the tangential velocity of the orbital motion case in the narrowregion for 400 rpm speed is 120% higher than pure rotation one Voir les détails

Mots clés : Orbital motion, eccentricity, velocity profiles, pressure drop, drilling fluid, laminar flow

Numerical study of parameters affecting pressure drop of power-law fluid in horizontal annulus for laminar and turbulent flow

Hicham Ferroudji, Ahmed Hadjadj, Ahmed HADDAD, Titus Ntow Ofei  (2019)
Publication

Efficient hydraulics program of oil and gas wells has a crucial role for the optimization of drilling process. In the presentpaper, a numerical study of power-law fluid flow through concentric (E = 0.0) and eccentric annulus (E = 0.3, E = 0.6 andE = 0.9) was performed for both laminar and turbulent flow regimes utilizing a finite volume method. The effects of innerpipe rotation, flow behavior index and diameter ratio on the pressure drop were studied; furthermore, the appearance anddevelopment of secondary flow as well as its impact on the pressure drop gradient were evaluated. Results indicated thatthe increment of the inner pipe rotation from 0 to 400 rpm is found to decrease pressure drop gradient for laminar flow inconcentric annulus while a negligible effect is observed for turbulent flow. The beginning of secondary flow formation in thewide region part of the eccentric annulus (E = 0.6) induces an increase of 9% and a slight increase in pressure drop gradientfor laminar and turbulent flow, respectively. On the other hand, the variation of the flow behavior index and diameter ratiofrom low to high values caused a dramatic increase in the pressure drop. Streamlines in the annulus showed that the secondary flow is mainly induced by eccentricity of the inner pipe where both high values of diameter ratio and low values of flowbehavior index tend to prevent the secondary flow to appear. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) · Power-law fluid · Pressure drop · Secondary flow

Adaptive backstepping control using combined direct and indirect σ-modification adaptation

Y. Soukkou, S. Labiod  (2017)
Publication

In this paper, by using the dynamic surface control technique, an adaptive backstepping controller using combined direct and indirect σ-modification adaptation is proposed for a class of parametric strict-feedback systems. In this approach, a σ-modification parameter adaptation law that combines direct and indirect update laws is proposed. At first, the x-swapping identifier with a gradient-type update law is presented for a class of parametric strict-feedback nonlinear systems. Next, the main steps of the controller design for a class of nonlinear systems in parametric strict-feedback form are described. The closed-loop error dynamics is shown to be globally stable by using the Lyapunov stability approach. Finally, simulation results for a single-link flexible-joint robot manipulator are given to illustrate the tracking performance of the proposed adaptive control scheme. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Backstepping control, direct and indirect adaptive control, adaptive dynamic surface control, Lyapunov stability, flexible joint manipulators

Composite adaptive dynamic surface control of nonlinear systems in parametric strict-feedback form

Y. Soukkou, S. Labiod, M. Tadjine  (2018)
Publication

In this paper, a composite adaptive dynamic surface control scheme is developed for a class of parametric strict-feedback nonlinear systems. The proposed composite adaptation law uses both the surface error and the estimation error to update the parameters. In addition, by using the dynamic surface control technique, the problem of the explosion of complexity in the adaptive backstepping design is avoided. It is proved that the proposed scheme guarantees uniform ultimate boundedness of all signals in the closed-loop system with arbitrary small surface error by adjusting the design parameters. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach for an electrohydraulic actuator system. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Composite adaptation law, direct and indirect adaptive control, dynamic surface control, Lyapunov stability, parametric strict-feedback nonlinear systems

Software Features Extraction From Object-Oriented Source Code Using an Overlapping Clustering Approach

Imad Eddine ARAAR, Hassina SERIDI  (2016)
Publication

For many decades, numerous organizations have launched software reuse initiatives to improve their productivity. Software product lines (SPL) addressed this problem by organizing software development around a set of features that are shared by a set of products. In order to exploit existing software products for building a new SPL, features composing each of the used products must be specified in the first place. In this paper we analyze the effectiveness of overlapping clustering based technique to mine functional features from object-oriented (OO) source code of existing systems. The evaluation of the proposed approach using two different Java open-source applications, i.e. “Mobile media” and “Drawing Shapes”, has revealed encouraging results. Voir les détails

Mots clés : feature model, software product line, overlapping clustering, reverse engineering, program analysis

Correlation Between the Pitting Potential Evolution and σσ Phase Precipitation Kinetics in the 2205 Duplex Stainless Steel

Mustapha DJAMA, Djaffar Saidi, Abdelaziz Kadri, Nabil KHERROUBA, Brahim MEHDI, Stéphane Mathieu, Thierry Schweitzer, IDIR Brahim  (2018)
Publication

The aim of this work is to correlate the pitting potential (Epit) evolution with the kinetics ofrphaseprecipitation in the 2205 duplex stainless steel aged at 850°C after solution treatment at 1150°C. Thepotentiodynamic polarization curves indicate a reduction of the pitting corrosion resistance with the agingtime, which is revealed by a decrease in theEpitvalues from 0.65 to 0.40 VSCE. Thus,Epitvalues are used todetermine the kinetics parameters of therphase precipitation. The experimental transformed fractionagrees well with the one calculated by using the modified Kolmogorov–Johnson–Mehl–Avrami equationwith an impingement parameterc= 0.6. Voir les détails

Mots clés : kinetic, KJMA, Pitting corrosion, otentiodynamic polarization, r phase precipitation