Liste des publications

Nombre total de résultats : 512
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CHARACTERIZATION OF IRON ORE AND SCALE FOR SYNTHESIZING VINYL PAINT

Mohammed Tayeb, ABEDGHARS Mokhtar GHERS, Salah Bouhouche, Belgacem BEZZINA  (2019)
Publication

As part of the development of iron ore deposits in Algeria and a concern for the preservation of the environment, we are planning to characterize two materials for a possible synthesis of vinyl paint in this study. Iron ore is a red iron oxide pigment with an oolitic structure containing phosphorus. The second material is a steel by-product (scale) that should be recycled. This study covers the characterization of these two components through Chemical analysis, Particle size analysis, Thermal analysis (TGA, DSC), the Observation by SEM, X-Ray Diffraction analysis and Spectrophotometric analysis. Chemical analysis showed that the pigment contains 53.18% of total iron and mostly the gangue is dominated by silica and alumina. Scale in turn contains 73.83% of iron in the form of iron oxides (FeO, Fe3O4 and Fe2O3). Grinding tests illustrated that the scale is much more suitable for grinding than pigment. The granulometric analysis gave a volume distribution of the particles with a size between 0.7 and 32 µm for scale and 0.6 to 40 µm for the pigment and their specific areas are 1.6 and 1.5 m2/g. TGA and DSC showed that the iron pigment loses weight with phase dissolution by consuming energy when the temperature increases. Scale gains weight by the formation of a new phase with heat. Scanning electron microscope of red iron pigment showed a grain aggregate formed rounded over at least iron oxide and gangue. The EDS analysis illustrated a predominance of iron with four predominant oxides in the case of iron ore deposits. Chemical elements forming these four oxides are silicon, calcium, aluminum and magnesium. The SEM of scale showed a homogeneous structure composed of sizes of iron oxide grains and shapes ranging from 1 µm to 10 µm. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the iron in the pigment is in the form of hematite (Fe2O3) and goethite (FeO(OH)). A tiny portion is combined with silica as fayalite (Fe2SiO4). The iron in the calamine is in the form of the three oxides (FeO, Fe2O3 and Fe3O4). Spectrophotometric tests showed that both materials have virtually no absorption and maximum reflection (100%) in the visible range Voir les détails

Mots clés : Pigment iron, scale (calamine), Simultaneous thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction, Spectrophotometry

Étude expérimentale du délaminageen mode I des tubes fabriquéspar enroulement filamentaire

F M L.REKBI, M.Hecini, A.KHECHAI  (2015)
Publication

The good behavior of composite materials under mechanical loading, make it aserious competitor to traditional materials. Inter laminar defects induced duringimplementation or during stress are the main sources of its interlaminar progressive damagecausing separation of the layers known as the delamination. This work is an experimentalstudy of mode I delamination of a laminated composite [±θ°] manufactured as a tube by thefilament winding process. Technical delamination characterization by DCB test specimens(Double Cantilever Beam) are used to determine the energy release rate in mode I andevolution of delamination resistance curves R. Tests were performed according to ASTMD5528 standard and the energy release rate in mode I (GIC) of two configurations isdetermined by the method of Berry. Voir les détails

Mots clés : matériaux composites, enroulement filamentaire, endommagement, délaminage, mode I, taux de restitution d’énergie, courbes-R

Computational study of droplet breakup in a trapped channel configurationusing volume of fluid method

T. CHEKIFI  (2018)
Publication

Computational Fluid Dynamics is performed to numerically investigate the droplet breakup of water in oil intrapped channel configuration. The volume-of-fluid (VOF) method based the commercial code FLUENT isadopted to track the interface. Two designs are suggested to study the effect of flow conditions parameters andouter channel size on the droplet breakup mode, droplet generation frequency and size. As a function of thevelocity ratio, droplets are formed in two modes, dripping mode: droplets were generated closed to the nozzle, itwas identified at low capillary number (Ca<0.005) and jetting mode: droplets were produced after a long jet,where the capillary number Ca varies from 0.01 to 0.025. The numerical results indicated the collection channeldiameter plays potential role in the determination of droplet size and droplet generation frequency, the shearforces excreted by the continuous phase on the dispersed thread are reduced in the wider model leading to havedroplets much bigger than the narrow model, the latter produced small droplets due the high shear stressgenerated in the confinement region. Furthermore, the droplet frequency and size are found to be stronglydependent on the capillary velocity ratio. However, increasing the flow velocity ratio in both models leadsdroplets to be generated in high frequency, while the droplet length was decreasing. This work also demonstratesthat the VOF method is an effective way to simulate the droplets breakup in trapped channel geometry. Voir les détails

Mots clés : T. Chekifi

Computational Investigation of Droplets Behaviour inside Passive Microfluidic Oscillator

T. CHEKIFI, B. dennai, R. Khelfaoui  (2017)
Publication

Recently, modeling immiscible fluids such as oil and water have been a classical research topic. Droplet-based microfluidics presents a unique platform for mixing, reaction, separation, dispersion of drops and many other functions. In this paper, we suggest a numerical CFD study of microfluidic oscillator with two different lengths of feedback loop. In order to produce simultaneous droplets of gasoil on water, a typical geometry that includes double T-junction is connected to the fluidic oscillator. Droplets production is computed by volume-of-fluid method (VOF). Flow oscillations of droplets were triggered by the Coanda effect of jet flow. The aim of work is to get a high oscillation frequency in the output of this passive device, the influence of hydrodynamics and physics parameters on the droplets frequency in the output of our microsystem is also investigated, the computational results show that, the length of feedback loop, operating pressure and interfacial tension have a significant effect on the droplets dynamic inside microfluidic oscillator. Across the range of low Reynold number, the droplets generation and its dynamics have been accurately controlled by adjusting applying pressure ratio of two phases. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Droplet, microfluidics, fluidic oscillator, CFD and VOF (volume of fluid method).

Enhancement of photoelectrochemical and optical characteristics using a TiO2 nanoparticles interlayer in MEH-PPV heterojunction devices

F Habelhames, M Girtan, A Manole, L LAMIRI, W Zerguine, B Nessark  (2012)
Publication

In this work, MEH-PPV+TiO 2 composite material was prepared by incorporation of titanium oxide nonoparticles (TiO 2) into poly[2-methoxy-5-(2′-ethylhexyloxy)-p-phenylenevinylene] (MEH-PPV) polymer matrix and deposited by spin coating on glass and indium thin oxide (ITO) substrates. The absorbance of various MEH-PPV composites incorporating different concentrations of TiO 2 nanoparticles shows that addition of TiO 2 improves absorption of the composites. TiO 2 and the conjugated polymer have absorption in the UV and visible regions, respectively. As a result, the composite has slightly broader absorption. In addition, absorption of the composite shows that the polymer induces a certain structuring, as evidenced by the presence of fine structures. The effect of inserting a TiO 2 nanoparticles interlayer in the MEH-PPV polymer heterojunction device on the photoelectrochemical and optical characteristics of the device has been studied. The modified device (MEH-PPV+TiO 2) shows improved photocurrent density characteristics, and increased with TiO 2 concentration. The study showed that the presence of inorganic semiconductor nonoparticles (TiO 2) in polymer film improves the optical and the photovoltaic properties of MEH-PPV, and was designed to explore new approaches to improve light-collection efficiency in polymer photovoltaic. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Hybrid composite materials, MEH-PPV, morphology, photocurrent

Growth and characterization of electrodeposited Cu2O thin films

S. Laidoudi, A.Y. Bioud, A. Azizi, G. Schmerber, J. Bartringer, S. Barre, A. Dinia  (2013)
Publication

This work demonstrates the electrodeposition of cuprous oxide (Cu2O) thin films onto a fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO)-coated conducting glass substrates from Cu(II) sulfate solution with C6H8O7 chelating agent. During cyclic voltammetry experiences, the potential interval where the electrodeposition of Cu2O is carried out was established. The thin films were obtained potentiostatically and were characterized through different techniques. From the Mott–Schottky measurements, the flat-band potential and the acceptor density for the Cu2O thin films are determined. All the films showed a p-type semiconductor character with a carrier density varying between 2.41 × 1018 cm−3 and 5.38 × 1018 cm−3. This little difference is attributed to the increase of the stoichiometric defects in the films with the deposition potential. Atomic force microscopy analysis showed that the Cu2O thin films obtained at high potential are more homogenous in appearance and present lower crystallites size. X-ray Voir les détails

Mots clés : Cu2O, electrodeposition, Mott–Schottky, optical properties, Thin films, XRD

Electrochemical and spectroscopic characterization of poly (bithiophene + 2-methylfuran) copolymer.

Leila LAMIRI, Belkacem Nessark, Farid Habelhames, Lakhdar Sibous  (2017)
Publication

In this work, Poly(bithiophene + 2-methylfuran) copolymer is successfully achieved by an electrochemical polymerization of two monomers, bithiophene and 2-methylfuran in acetonitrile containing lithium perchlorate. The resultant copolymer was characterized via cyclic voltammetry, impedance spectroscopy, UV-visible, scanning electron microscope, conductivity and photocurrent measurements. The cyclic voltammetry study showed two redox couples characteristic of Poly (bithiophene + 2-methylfuran) copolymer. The impedance spectroscopy study revealed that the resistance of the copolymer ?lm increases with the addition of 2-methylfuran. The photocurrent measurement showed good photoelectrochemical properties, making this copolymer an ideal candidate for photovoltaic cell applications. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Electrochemical polymerization, copolymer, polybithiophene, poly2-methylfuran, morphology, photo-electrochemical properties.

Electrochemical behavior, characterization and corrosion protection properties of poly(bithiophene + 2-methylfuran) copolymer coatings on A304 stainless steel

Leila LAMIRI, Belkacem  (2018)
Publication

Polybithiophene (PBTh), poly(2-methylfuran) (PMeFu) and poly(bithiophene + 2-methylfuran) noted poly(BTh + MeFu) copolymer films were synthesized by electrochemical deposition on 304-stainless steel, from an acetonitrile (ACN) solution containing 10−2 m bithiophene, 10−2 m 2-methylfuran and 10−1 m lithium perchlorate (LiClO4), by cyclic voltammetry (CV) between 0 V and 2 V vs. SCE, with a scan rate of 50 mV · s−1. The copolymers coated were studied in a corrosive sulfuric acid medium (H2SO4 1 N) using the potensiodynamique polarization method and the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Copolymers coated characterization was performed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The polarization curves show that the copolymer film formed on A304, shifts the corrosion potential towards more positive potentials. The presence of the poly(BTh + MeFu) improves the corrosion resistance of the metal in a corrosive medium, H2SO4. This protection against corrosion is caused by the barrier effect of the layer of copolymer, which covers the surface of the A304 stainless steel against the aggressive ions of the corrosive medium. Voir les détails

Mots clés : 2-methylfuran, bithiophene, copolymers, protection against corrosion, stainless steel.

Metallic Coating for Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite Substrate

Amine REZZOUG, Said ABDI, Nadjet BOUHELAL, Ismail DAOUD  (2016)
Publication

This paper investigates the application of metallic coatings on high fiber volume fraction polymer matrix composites. For the grip of the metallic layer, a method of modifying the surface of the composite by introducing a mixture of copper and steel powder filler powders which can reduce the impact of thermal spray particles. The powder was introduced to the surface at the time of the forming. Arc spray was used to project the zinc coating layer.The substrate was grit blasted to avoid poor adherence. The porosity, microstructure, and morphology of layers are characterized by optical microscopy, SEM and image analysis. The samples were studied also in terms of hardness and erosion resistance. This investigation did not reveal any visible evidence damage to the substrates. The hardness of zinc layer was about 25.94 MPa and the porosity was around 6.70 percent. The erosion test showed that the zinc coating improves the resistance to erosion. Based on the results obtained, we can conclude that thermal spraying allows the production of protective coating on PMC. Zinc coating has been identified as acompatible material with the substrate. The filler powders layer protects the substrate from the impact of hot particles and allows avoiding the rupture of brittle carbon fibers. Voir les détails

Mots clés : Arc spray, coating, composite, erosion

Thermal spray metallisation of carbon fibre reinforced polymer composites Effect of top surface modification on coating adhesion and mechanical properties

A. REZZOUG, S. ABDI, A. KACI, M. YANDOUZI  (2018)
Publication

Thermal Spray TS processes are used to enhance the surface properties of Polymer Matrix Composites. However, poor adhesion and mechanical degradation are usually experienced. The main objective of this work is to investigate the effect of the modification of the top surface of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer CFRP substrate on the TS deposition of metallic coatings. CFRP composite panels were manufactured with different upper layers I pure epoxy overflow layer, II pure copper powder filler layer, III mixture copper and stainless steel powder filler layer, and IV aluminium mesh layer. The top layers of the CFRP substrates were manufactured during the forming process. Arc Spray, one of the TS processes, was used to deposit zinc coating onto the manufactured CFRP panels. The substrates were sandblasted before the TS process to enhance the adhesion of the deposited zinc to the substrate. The quality of the coatings including adhesion and mechanical properties was investigated using tensile adhesion and bending test, respectively. The porosity, microstructure, morphology and surface fracture of the metallised CFRP coupons were characterized using optical and electronical microscopy techniques. The results obtained revealed that pure epoxy top layer did not resist to sandblasting prior to TS process, contrary to the substrates with fillers and mesh top layer. Moreover, the aluminium based mesh layer improved the adhesion strength by about 50 percent. Bending test results indicated that coating on CFRP composites decreased their mechanical properties. However, the use of a metallic mesh layer reduced the degradation effect of spraying. Voir les détails

Mots clés : CFRP composite, Zn coating, Arc spray, Filler layer, Adhesion strength