Chimie

Nombre total de résultats : 166
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METALLURGICAL AND ELECTROCHEMICAL BEHAVIOR OF S295 STEEL TUBES IN STEEL COOLING CIRCUITS

A.Bendjama, K.Morakchi, D.Berdjane, T.Chouchane, O.KHIREDDINE, H.MAHFOUD, S.CHETTOUH (2019)
Article de conférence

Corrosion damage to industrial cooling systems in steel mills is a serious problem for industry and the environment. In order to reduce this phenomenon by the subsequent development of organic-based corrosion inhibitors, a preliminary identification study of the base material and the surrounding environment of the cooling circuits is essential. To monitor the electrochemical behavior of unalloyed steel tubes, we studied the influence of the "industrial cooling water" environment and the most influential physical parameters. This behavior of S295 grade steel will be determined by different stationary and non-stationary electrochemical methods, notably electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. These investigations enabled us on the one hand the metallurgical knowledge of the base material, the nature of the corrosive medium, and on the other hand the evaluation of the potentials and the corrosion rates and to define the different reactions at the metal interface. middle. In conclusion, the tubes studied in unalloyed steel have a low resistance to corrosion under the effect of the aggressiveness of the surrounding environment (Figure 1) in this case industrial cooling water hence the need to introduce corrosion inhibitors in cooling circuits. In our case, we will focus on natural organic inhibitors that ensure an economic and environmental balance. Figure.1: Stationary and frequential electrochemical curves of the material / medium interactionVoir les détails

Mots clés : steel, corrosion, behavior, cooling water, impedance, Temperature

STUDY OF THE THERMAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF SOLID STEEL WASTE

Ouahida Khireddine, Toufik CHOUCHANE, Amel Bendjama, Sana Chibani, Atmane BOUKARI (2019)
Article de conférence

Slags, by-products of the manufacture of pig iron in blast furnaces of the iron and steel industries. In recent years, the steel industry has put in place several ways of upgrading these materials, but these methods concern recent and homogeneous slags, which are still difficult to apply to ancient slags. These accumulations of non-reusable heterogeneous materials are left behind, and we must understand what impact they can have on their environment in the medium and long term. The main objective of this work is to carry out a study on the use of co-products from the El-Hadjar Annaba Algerian steel plant (blast furnace slags). This involves physico-chemical characterisation of appropriate methods, including optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction, infrared beam transformed spectrometry and thermal analysis. The diffractograms obtained on the slag samples characterise the vitreous phase and some light lines representing the crystallised compounds. Powder analysis by IR infrared spectrometry, Spectrum shows identified bands, such as Al-O, Ca-O, and Si-O bonds These results were justified by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermal analysis (ATG and DSC).Voir les détails

Mots clés : Slags, characterization, Steel waste, physicochemical properties

STUDY OF THE THERMAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF SOLID STEEL WASTE

Slags, Characterization, Steel waste, physicochemical properties (2019)
Article de conférence

Slags, by-products of the manufacture of pig iron in blast furnaces of the iron and steel industries. In recent years, the steel industry has put in place several ways of upgrading these materials, but these methods concern recent and homogeneous slags, which are still difficult to apply to ancient slags. These accumulations of non-reusable heterogeneous materials are left behind, and we must understand what impact they can have on their environment in the medium and long term. The main objective of this work is to carry out a study on the use of co-products from the El-Hadjar Annaba Algerian steel plant (blast furnace slags). This involves physico-chemical characterisation of appropriate methods, including optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction, infrared beam transformed spectrometry and thermal analysis. The diffractograms obtained on the slag samples characterise the vitreous phase and some light lines representing the crystallised compounds. Powder analysis by IR infrared spectrometry, Spectrum shows identified bands, such as Al-O, Ca-O, and Si-O bonds These results were justified by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermal analysis (ATG and DSC).Voir les détails

Mots clés : Slags, characterization, Steel waste, physicochemical properties

Étude de matériaux argileux et leur Impact surl’adsorption de certains polluants.

KHIREDDINE Ouahida (2016)
Thèse de doctorat

The present work consists to a valorization of available local clay for water remediation. Theused raw material is a clay soil from a region in the south of the Guelma city (Algeria).Several physico-chemical treatments have been realized in order to obtain purified clay. Thecharacterization of the sample clay, performed using XRD, FT-IR, DTA and SEM, show itsmorphology and its texture. Furthermore, the results correlated to the structural analysis,demonstrated that this clay is a disordered kaolinite of type 1:1. The adsorption experimentsof parnitrophenol (PNP) in aqueous medium have been carried out using raw kaolinite andurea-intercalated kaolinite. The results showed that the capacity of PNP adsorption on theintercalated kaolinite is more important than that of raw one. The evaluated experimentalvalues of the adsorption isotherms are in agreement with Langmuir and Freundlich models. Inall cases, the adsorption kinetics follows the mechanism of pseudo-second order. In addition,the thermodynamic study indicates that the adsorption of PNP on raw kaolinite and ureaintercalatedkaolinite is a spontaneous process Voir les détails

Mots clés : soil, characterization, kaolinite, Intercalation, adsorption, Paranitrophenol.

Etude du pouvoir d’inhibition des terres rares contre lacorrosion des aciers bas carbone

A. Oulabbas, Y. Hamlaoui (2017)
Article de conférence

Afin de limiter la dégradation des aciers en service, des traitements de surface sontappliqués .L’association de différentes couches permet de protéger les matériaux contre lacorrosion de manière durable. Les composés à base de chrome hexavalent sont depuistoujours les plus utilisés dans le secteur aéronautique, car ils sont simples à mettre en oeuvre etsont reconnus comme étant les inhibiteurs les plus efficaces de la corrosion des aciers. Lesrécentes directives européennes précisent que l’utilisation des composés à base de chromehexavalent doit être réduite, voire supprimée, car ceux-ci ont été reconnus cancérigènes ettoxiques pour l’environnement. De nombreux travaux ont été réalisés ces dernières annéesmais, aujourd’hui, la plupart des solutions de substitution ne présentent pas le même niveaude performances que les procédés à base de chrome hexavalent. Un des traitements alternatifsde passivation utilise des oxydes de terres rares, notamment le cérium. L’utilisation ce derniercomme inhibiteur qui remplace le chrome hexavalent est caractérisé par la formation descouches minces est généralement associée à la formation d’oxydes ou d’hydroxydes decérium sur les sites cathodiques de la surface métallique. La caractérisation électrochimiquede ce procédé d’inhibition a été évaluée dans des milieux agressifs tels que NaCl 0.1 M,Na2SO4 0.1M et aussi une eau industrielle. Ainsi, la résistance à la corrosion obtenue surl’acier A 366 a été étudiée. Pour l’ensemble des échantillons, la durée de protection a étéévaluée grâce à la mesure de Ecorr. En parallèle, l’efficacité est suivie par la mesure de larésistance de polarisation, de la densité de courant de corrosion et aussi la spectroscopied’impédances électrochimique. En conclusion, les résultats des différentes techniquesélectrochimiques ont montré que le cérium peut très bien et avec une efficacité équivalenteremplacée le chrome hexavalent.Voir les détails

Mots clés : corrosion, chrome, cerium, impédance

NOUVELLES VOIES D'INHIBITION DE LACORROSION DES ACIERS PLUSRESPECTUEUSES DE L'ENVIRONNEMENT

OULABBAS Amel (2013)
Mémoire de magister

In order to limit the degradation of steels in service, surface treatments are applied. Thecombination of different layers to protect materials against corrosion in a sustainable manner.Based compounds of hexavalent chromium have always been the most used in the aerospaceindustry because they are simple to implement and are recognized as the most effectiveinhibitors of steel corrosion. Recent European directives state that the use of compoundscontaining hexavalent chromium must be reduced or eliminated in the very near future, asthey have been recognized carcinogenic to humans and toxic to the environment. Manystudies have been made in recent years, but today, most alternatives do not pose the samelevel of performance as methods based on hexavalent chromium. An alternative treatmentspassivation uses rare earth oxides, in particular the Ce use the latter as an inhibitor to replacehexavalent chromium is characterized by forming thin layers is generally associated with theformation of oxides or hydroxides cerium cathodic sites of the metal surface. Theelectrochemical characterization of the inhibition process was evaluated in harshenvironments such as 0.1 M NaCl, 0.1M Na2SO4 and industrial water. Thus, the corrosionresistance obtained on steel A 366 was studied. For all samples, the duration of protection wasassessed by measurement of Ecorr. In parallel, the efficacy is monitored by measuring thepolarization resistance, the corrosion current density of the lines extrapolated from Tafelelectrochemical impedance spectroscopy. In conclusion, the results of analytical andelectrochemical techniques have shown that cerium may very well and with similar efficacyreplaced hexavalent chromium. Voir les détails

Mots clés : corrosion, cerium, chrome, inhibiteur de corrosion

Effets des inhibiteurs verts sur la corrosion des aciers ordinaires dans deux milieux acides.

OULABBAS Amel (2019)
Thèse de doctorat

The cladodes extract of Opuntia Ficus Indica (O.F.I) wich is found in eastern of Algeria (Annaba) and Aloe Vera brought from North America, were the object of our work with the aim of studying their inhibitory efficiencies, on two different mild steels, and in three acidic environments, 1M H3PO4, 0.5M H3PO4 and 0.5M H2SO4. To do so, several analytical methods were used, such as gravimetry, stationary electrochemical methods (potentiodynamic polarization and chronoamperometry), transient electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and the Zero-Charge Potential (PZC) method. Moreover, we used steel surface characterization methods, as the contact angle measurement method and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The obtained results, related to the inhibitory efficiency, were 97.6% and 80.9% respectively for O.F.I and Aloe Vera, separately used at 10% (v / v) of concentration. Whereas together, these two green inhibitors act as a mixed inhibitor and increase the polarization resistance, while increasing the inhibitor concentration. The synergy of the two extracts with and without the addition of KI, as an additive, improves the inhibitory efficiency by the increase of the polarization resistance. Then, based on the above experiments, we may quality this inhibitors case as physisorption of the tows inhibitors when used separately as well as in synergy. The characterizations of the surface condition of the two mild steel samples confirm the obtained results.Keywords: Corrosion, Voir les détails

Mots clés : corrosion, O.F.I, Aloe Vera, EIS, green inhibitor, mild steel.

Etude des propriétés thermodynamiquesdes fluides purs

LAADJAMA Sabrina (2018)
Thèse de doctorat

Les propriétés thermodynamiques des fluides peuvent être prédites ou optimisées en utilisant les équations d’état globales. L’émergence de ces équations est prometteuse pour la modélisation de procédés mettant en jeu des fluides en conditions supercritiques, capables de reproduire des équilibres de phases avec précision dans des intervalles de températures et de pressions les plus larges possibles. Le premier volet de ce travail détaille l’application du modèle du crossover sur les données expérimentales: pression, masse volumique et température (P,ρ,T) des composés suivants : propane, n-heptane , excepté l’argon étudié dans un précédent travail de recherche. Les résultats nous mènent à la détermination d’un système de paramètres dépendant de chaque substance afin d’établir une équation d’état, L’ajustement des données expérimentales de la chaleur spécifique isochorique (Cv) permet de déterminer les paramètres calorifiques pour l’obtention d’une équation fondamentale. Le deuxième volet de ce travail fournit une comparaison de l’équation d'état de l'argon précédemment formulée [A. Rizi, A. Abbaci, J. Mol. Liq. 171, 64 (2012)] au diamètre de la courbe de coexistence liquide-vapeur de l'argon. En outre, les diamètres de la courbe de coexistence du propane et du n-heptane ont été étudiés. Des résultats satisfaisants ont été obtenus. Voir les détails

Mots clés : équation d’état, modèle du crossover, région critique, propane, n-heptane.

Photocatalytically-assisted electrooxidation of herbicide fenuron usinga new bifunctional electrode PbO2/SnO2-Sb2O3/Ti//Ti/TiO2

Karima Barbari, Rachid Delimi, Zahia Benredjem, Samia Saaidia, Abdelhak Djemel, Toufik CHOUCHANE, Nihal Oturan, Mehmet A. Oturan (2018)
Article de journal

The degradation of the herbicide fenuron was investigated using a new porous bifunctional electrodewhere the electrooxidation takes place on one side and the photocatalysis on the other side. The characterizationof the synthetized bifunctional electrode (PbO2/SnO2-Sb2O3/Ti//Ti/TiO2) was performed byscanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry and X-ray diffraction analysis andshowed that the anodic side (Ti/SnO2-Sb2O3/PbO2) is covered with a tetragonal b-PbO2 film and that thephotocatalytic side (Ti/TiO2) consists of an anatase phase of TiO2. The single application of electrooxidationachieved 87.8% fenuron degradation and 84.1% chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal whileheterogeneous photocatalysis resulted in only 59.2% and 39.7% fenuron concentration decay and CODremoval, respectively. On the other hand, the photocatalytically-assisted electrooxidation (photo-electrooxidation)performed on the bifunctional electrode provided higher performances of fenurondegradation (97.5%) and mineralization (97.4%). Investigation of operating parameters highlighted thepositive effect of increase in current density. Conversely, an increase in fenuron concentration led to adecrease in degradation rate and COD removal. It was also found that the COD removal and mineralizationefficiency are higher in a neutral medium.Voir les détails

Mots clés : Fenuron Bifunctional electrode Lead dioxide anode Electrooxidation Photo-electrooxidation

Core-rim structure formation in TiC-Ni based cermets fabricatedby a combined thermal explosion/hot-pressing process

S. Lemboub, S. Boudebane, F.J. Gotor, S. Haouli, S. Mezrag, S. Bouhedja, G. Hesser, H. Chadli, T. CHOUCHANE (2018)
Article de journal

TiC-Ni-based cermets were obtained by thermal explosion from different elemental mixtures(Ti, C, Ni and X, where X = Cr, Mo or W) and subsequently densified by hot-pressing under acyclic load. The whole process was performed in a single stage in the same experimentaldevice according to the following thermal and pressure procedure: a heating rate ramp up to1573 K without applying any load followed by an isothermal dwelling under a compressivecyclic load of 32 MPa. The thermal explosion synthesis occurred during the heating ramp at atemperature close to 1273 K that was practically independent of the starting nominalcomposition. The influence of different refractory elements on the chemical composition andmicrostructure of cermets was studied. SEM characterization showed that only with Mo andW, the cermets developed the characteristic core-rim structure. A high densification wasachieved, but decreased when the refractory elements were added. Nevertheless, in thesecases higher hardness values were obtained.Voir les détails

Mots clés : Cermets, Thermal explosion, Core-rim microstructure, Solid-solution carbides